Getting Ready in the Morning Helps when You Have a Nice Makeup Mirror and Bright Lights

I have a friend who has thick natural hair. She could be the one who donates to people so they can have hair extensions and still have a full head of hair. Me? Well, I have hair like my mom and grandma. However, I still look good because I use my natural hair extensions every day. They only take a couple of minutes to put in, and they give me a confidence about my looks that I just do not have without them. I wear them to work every day. I actually get compliments on my hair. The hair extensions are made from real hair, so there is no synthetic look that gives them away.

There are tricks to learning how to blend your hair extensions into your natural hair. It can take you a good half hour to get ready that first time putting them in.

I Feel Better About Myself

When I first heard about the curly human hair extensions that an online company makes, I wasn’t sure what to think. I had worn extensions in the past, but they just never seemed to work out for me. I had heard about these extensions from this company though and how they were supposed to be different and better to other hair extensions brands. I decided to go to their website and read more information, because I thought it would be great to wear them again if I could find a company that had some that actually looked good.

I was happy when I looked at everything from this company on its site.

I Had a Bad Bird Problem

I used to love bird watching when I lived in the country. That sort of changed when I moved to the city though, because I found out just how messy they can be. In the country, the evidence they leave behind is pretty well hidden for the most part. In the city though, it is quite evident where they leave their droppings, which is all over the place, including the front of the warehouse I had bought. I knew that I needed a company that does bird control in New Jersey because I didn’t want the bothersome creatures dirtying up everything.

Just because I didn’t want their waste everywhere didn’t mean I wished them ill will. I just did not want them taking up residence anywhere close to where I was, since they couldn’t fly over the field to relieve themselves.

We Are Fighting a Battle Against Crime

The neighborhood that I live in is quiet calm, or at least it used to be. We have always had kids doing things that kids do, but no one was ever hurt. That all changed when a friend’s house was broken into while she was on vacation. She only lives a few blocks from me, so that was hitting too close to home not only for me but for most others in our tight knit community. We all decided that we were going to fight back, and that is how I came across

None of us had alarm systems because we were naive to think that crime would stay far from us. I am not even sure if it was being naive rather than it was something we just didn’t consider. Once we saw that even we are vulnerable to how crazy this world has become, we all knew that we wanted to have alarm systems installed.

Looking for a New Hosting Service

The web page was down for almost 9 hours the other day and the boss was really about to blow his stack when he found out. He called me up in the middle of the night, apparently he had waken up and checked his email. Of course we were supposed to have backup hosting, but that was down as well. It was a good thing that it was not during a busy time of the day. This started around 10 PM at night and it was back on the web early the next morning around seven o’clock. It was not that bad so far as the business was concerned. We had one client who noticed it and sent us an email. He was not all that upset about it, because it was not a huge inconvenience to him. He did want us to fix it and asked us why the backup was not working. Of course we wondered that ourselves and asked the hosting service this very question The answer they gave did not please the boss in the least.

Made a Couple of Bets Today

I have been in London for about a week and it does not look as though I shall be coming home soon, even though I am not really getting a lot done the past few days. I have been waiting for my last appointment, who was called out of London on an emergency and is still on his way back. Today I spent a bit of time at a bookmaking establishment and I decided to make a few tennis picks while I was there. Of course I was going to watch the matches anyway since I had nothing else to do unless I wanted to take a sightseeing trip, but I had already done that yesterday. I hired a London cabbie and the two of us went all over the old part of the city. I gave him my phone so he could take photos of me at various landmarks. In fact he was a superb guide and I gave him a nice tip at the end of the trip. Aside from this delay I was quite successful on this trip over.

Satellite TV Lets Me Download Movies and Shows to My Tablet

I was one of those guys that was never going to switch to satellite TV. I did not see any benefit to it. The HD channels looked as good on cable as it did on my neighbor’s satellite TV. I even admit they both worked just as good rain or shine. T here were a few things I liked better with the satellite guide, but was not enough to make me switch. Then I learned about streaming DVR stuff on satellite to tablets and phones here, and that is when I switched. This service alone is worth it to me to have satellite over cable TV.

The reason is because of work I do. I go out with a team of guys to guard what is basically big piece of property. We pretty much camp out for three days and are replaced by new personnel after that. We get four days off and then do it again. There is really nothing to do except what you bring. I can only play so many games of cards or chess. We can charge laptops and tablets but there is no cable or satellite service.

Best Prices for Security SYstems

I have been reading the news recently and I have reached a breaking point. I think that the world is not very safe and I do not want to be caught up in the violence that happens around the world on a daily basis. That is why I have made up my mind to get a home security system, and I want to get it from ADT. I don’t know why but I just think that I will have more faith in a security system by ADT than I would from any other company, just because they have a long history of making security systems.

Anyway, I have been living in this house too long without a security system.

Moved in with These Guys from the IT Department

New Guide for Scientific Atlanta Cable BoxesOf course at first I did not really know what these guys were getting at, but then I finally figured out what the deal was. There are these three guys who do the IT at work. Of course they are computer nerds and I am the maintenance guy. Of course that also means that I can fix things and this house needs work. These guys went in together and bought this house. They got a sports package from a place like this one from DirecTV and they have this ridiculous straight fiber optic internet connection. The thing is that they got such a great deal on this place that they did not think about all of the stuff they were going to need to do. These guys make a ton of money and they do not spend a lot money on much else. So they have a big house which a big list of things that has to be done to it.

They started to sweet talk me about a week before they asked me about this.

Five reasons for putting your child into a summer camp before playschool

Anxious about enrolling your child into a preschool? Wondering how to ease him/her into it? With various preschools running summer camps and just as the next academic year is a few months away, many experts opine that enrolling a toddler into such camps provide various benefits.

Here are 5 reasons why it is a good idea to put your child in summer camp before playschool –

1.       Separation Anxiety. What’s that? It’s the most often used terminology that every parent has been offered to explain the initial tantrums, wailing and nervousness in young children when they begin preschool. Understand that it will be probably the first time your young child will be deprived of your presence and a familiar environment. While every child takes their own time to adjust to this phase, attending a summer camp before putting a child to preschool initiates the process in a gentle manner.

 2.       Is this preschool good? The preschool sector in India is unregulated and hence there are numerous playschools springing up across the neighbourhood. Unfortunately, there are very few preschools that follow a proper curriculum or have developmentally appropriate programs as per each child’s temperament. Joining a preschool’s summer camp helps in gauging the safety, hygiene, processes, approach of management, expertise and tact of faculty etc.

 3.       Setting a routine. Your little one has so far had a cozy and protective environment, probably tucked at home with just the company of parents, grandparents or a few other family members. It will soon be time to plant him/her in an alien atmosphere away from home amidst some strangers even if for a couple of hours. Enrolling a child into a summer programme helps set a routine for both the baby and you, the parent.

 4.       Ease parental anxiety. Most preschool experts amusedly state that parents are more anxious than their toddlers and parental anxiety lasts long after separation anxiety settles in children! This is particularly true of stay-at-home parents who have been the primary caretaker of the child. Enrolling your child in a summer camp will help ease your fears and also help you decide what to do with some much deserved time off.

 5.       It’s fun! Last but not the least, summer camps are FUN! Most run by renowned preschools like the popular annual summer camps of Kangaroo Kids Kandivali (E) are structured to ease toddlers into playschool. Activities structured are not just fun but devised in a manner for building strong foundation in early childhood education.

Top 12 Pioneers in Education

You don’t need to venture into the Old West or shutte into space to be a pioneer.  These Top 12 pioneers in education have explored much rougher terrain to shape modern learning.

Horace Mann (1796-1859) Pioneer of American Public School Education
Horace Mann grew up in a time when education was not easily obtained for those that lived in the poor rural areas of America.  Though his own early education was limited, he attended Browns University, studied law, and later enjoyed a highly successful political career.  It was during his time serving as a representative and senator in the legislature of Massachusetts and lastly Secretary of the Massachusetts Board of Education that he used his influence to advance change in the American educational system.  We can thank Horace Mann for teacher training colleges, free libraries, and free public education to all children through taxation.

Freidrich Froebel (1782-1852) Pioneer of Early Childhood Education
Freidrich Froebel was a German educator whose philosophy of education influenced such people as Horace Mann and Maria Montessori.  Based on the belief that a young child possessed innate qualities that would unfold gradually within a natural setting, he established kindergartens where free expression, creativity, social interaction, motor activity and learning by doing were the focus.  Many of these same tenets can be found in our contemporary early childhood programs.

Charlotte Mason (1842-1923) Pioneer of Home Education
A citizen of Britain, Charlotte Mason’s dream was that all children, no matter what social class, should have the opportunity to obtain a liberal arts education.   She was dedicated to improving the way in which children were educated.  Seeing the importance of educating parents in areas of discipline and the training of children, she began the Parents’ Education Union.  It was her belief that children learn best through “living books” rather than dry textbooks and through real experiences.  Her methods included an emphasis on the enjoyment of the arts and the study of great artists and musicians.  Many of her educational practices were well suited to home education and her methods have become the foundation of many homeschooling families.

Jean Piaget (1896-1980) Pioneer of How Children Learn
Anyone who has taken a child psychology class will have studied the developmental and learning theories of Jean Piaget, the Swedish psychologist. Fascinated with how children reasoned, he began researching and writing books on the subject of child psychology.  When he later married and fathered three children, he was supplied with enough data to write three more books!  His research and subsequent theories have become the basis and foundation of our understanding of normal child development.

Margaret Bancroft (1854-1912) Pioneer of Special Education
Bancroft’s intelligence, imagination, and dedication to her students set her apart as an extraordinary educator.  At the age of 25, she embarked on a courageous and lonely endeavor by opening the first private boarding school in Haddonfield, New Jersey, for children with developmental delays.  She believed that disabled children needed special schools, adapted material, and well trained teachers rather than to be sent to institutions.  Bancroft’s students responded to her love and patience and individually-tailored instruction.  Under her influence, the medical profession began to awaken to their responsibility to help correct defects and disabilities in children.  Admirers of her skill came to train and later became leaders in the field of special education.

Booker T. Washington (1856-1915) Pioneer of Education for African-Americans
Born into slavery and later freed, Washington knew first hand the difference an education can make in a person’s life.  As a young man, Washington was appointed to head the Tuskegee Institute now called Tuskegee University, which was originally a teacher’s training college for African-Americans.  He was leader of the college from its infancy to the time of his death.  He became a dominant and influential figure among politicians and the general public and did much to pave the way for later civil rights and desegregation of public education.  It was his belief that education was the African-American community’s best chance for social equality and a better future.

John Dewey (1859-1952) Pioneer of Progressive Education
It was while he was a professor of philosophy and the head of the Chicago University’s teacher college, that Dewey exerted his greatest influence in education and promoted many educational reforms through his experimental schools.  It was his view that children should be encouraged to develop “free personalities” and that they should be taught how to think and to make judgments rather than to simply have their heads filled with knowledge.  He also believed that schools were places where children should learn to live cooperatively. A member of the first teacher’s union, he was concerned for teacher’s rights and their academic freedom.

Maria Montessori (1870-1952) Pioneer of Individualized Education
Montessori methods remain the popular choice for many parents who seek an alternative education for their children, especially for the early childhood through the primary years. Before she took an interest in education, Montessori was the first woman in Italy to obtain the training to become a doctor.  She was assigned the post of medical care to the patients of a mental institution and it was there that she encountered “backward” children igniting her passion for education.  Beginning with a daycare facility in one of the poorest neighborhoods in Rome, Montessori put her theories into practice. Her methods were influenced by her previous training in medicine, education, and anthropology.   The results were extraordinary and soon drew much attention from many parts of the world, including America.  The rest, as they say, is history.

John Holt (1923-1985) Pioneer and Advocate for Home Education
Talk about going full circle.  Whereas Horace Mann fought for the free public education of all children, Holt raised awareness of the need for reform in America’s public schools.  As an educator, he became convinced that the present system stifled the learning of most children mainly because of fear.  Disillusioned by the inability to bring reform and improvement to public schools, Holt left teaching and devoted his time to the promotion of his ideas.   He believed that children learn best when allowed to follow their own interests rather than having learning imposed upon them. His exposure to proponents of home education lead him to later conclude that the best place to set up a natural environment for learning was within a child’s home.  His books had a profound impact on the growth of the home schooling sector.

Marie Clay (1926-2007) Pioneer of Balanced Literacy Model and Reading Recovery
Born in Wellington, New Zealand, Marie Clay became an international leader in the study of children’s acquisition of literacy.  Her methods of teaching reading and written language have swept through the United States and other English speaking nations since their inception three decades ago.  The reading recovery component was developed as a means of lifting the low achieving first grader to a place alongside the average learner.  The structure of the program calls for close observation of the student by the teacher to design lessons that constantly build on what a child already knows and taking them to the next level.  Children are surrounded by a language rich environment and encouraged to choose reading books that align with their personal interests.

Jerome Bruner (1915-)  Pioneer of Discovery Learning Theory
To combat the behaviorist approach to education, Bruner developed cognitive psychology and promoted a constructivist approach.  His discovery learning theory is based on the assumption that children learn and remember better what they discover for themselves and that they are better able to remember new information if they connect it to something that they already know. His research and subsequent theories on child development closely aligns with the work of Jean Piaget.

Howard Gardner (1943-)  Pioneer of Multiple Intelligences Theory
Gardner’s theory of multiple intelligences has redefined educators’ views of how students learn and should be assessed. Historically, intelligence has been measured through the ability to problem solve and to demonstrate cognitive ability through various controlled verbal and performance type tasks.   Gardner’s theory broadens the field of how individuals display their intelligence by including linguistic, logical-mathematical, musical, bodily-kinesthetic, special, interpersonal, and intrapersonal intelligences.  Through his influence there has been a greater emphasis placed on performance testing and educators have become more conscious of the need for diversification of instructional strategies to match the learning styles and strengths of students.

An Educational Approach is an Artwork

Introduction Art is a universal language. It unites languages, cultures, and hearts. Integrating plastic arts into kindergarten is important and essential for the child’s development. Many have studied this field and discussed its contribution in early childhood. The opinions of contemporary researchers and educators are divided as to what is the most appropriate educational approach in kindergartens; some emphasize the importance of focused and structured education, while others prefer teaching which enables free activities initiated by the children. The different approaches guarantee that kindergarten children will be given many diverse opportunities to develop and engage in occasional, unstructured learning and also benefit from the educational staff’s intervention and mediation as a response to the children’s various initiatives. All children need a sensitive environment which provides proper solutions for their needs and signals so that they can develop emotional, social, and cognitive abilities that will enable them to learn. The teaching staff, methods, and quality are important components of this environment. (Bab and agam , 1995). The diversity in the researchers’ attitudes to the educational approaches and the integration of plastic arts constitutes the gap in knowledge that this research aims to fill.

The objectives of this research were: identifying the kindergarten teachers’ perceptions in the context of art education in early childhood, examining the teachers’ personal attitudes and perceptions regarding the role of plastic arts in kindergarten, and the different ways of implementing them, and developing a model for integrating plastic arts in kindergarten.

The research questions that were examined: Is there a connection between the teacher’s educational approach and attitude towards integrating plastic arts in kindergarten? How does the teacher’s educational approach influence the application of plastic arts in kindergarten?

These questions were examined in congruence with the research tools selected for this research. The questions required a long continuous research, since they engage in the research of dynamic, changing processes which the researcher had to uncover in depth. The research was conducted using the ethnographic approach, which is interested in knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs of people as expressed in their discourse (Elhaz1981).

This mixed methods research employed a variety of tools: interviews and reflective journals in the qualitative approach, and questionnaires in the quantitative approach. Ethnography is always more than a description, as it reveals the general through the particular and the abstract through the tangible (Peacock, 1986).

The main research hypothesis: there is a connection between the educational approach and the application of plastic arts.

Secondary Hypotheses:

  • The more structured the teacher’s educational approach was, the more structured the tasks and plastic arts activities.
  • The more open the teacher’s educational approach s, the less structured the tasks and plastic arts activities.
  • An educational approach influences the kindergarten teachers’ attitudes and perceptions in integrating plastic arts into kindergarten.

Literature Review

The theoretical framework underpinning the research included theories from the fields of education and art education in kindergartens; the Flow Activity Approach (Levin, 1989) is ascribed to the constructivist worldview and emphasizes the learning subject. It is the pupil who creates the structure of personal knowledge in his mind; it is an open structure, which is dynamic and differs from person to person. The learning process is not passive, but rather an active process of creating different mental constructs. In this approach the responsibility for learning is the pupil’s. The teacher does not teach, but rather offers an environment in which learning can occur. This is contrasted by the ‘structured’ approach (Burman, 1994; Dayan, 2006; Seefeldt and Barbour 1990) which is based on and influenced by the ideology of cultural transmission, which shows what knowledge and skills are, and how they are transmitted from generation to generation. This theory places the teacher or the curriculum in the center, and uses behaviorist teaching methods that emphasize formal, structured teaching, learning subjects as the main learning approach, and using a strictly structured curriculum.

Aviram (1994) suggests that the planning kindergarten curriculum includes an informed mixture between child-initiated activities and structured learning directed by the teacher. It is important that the teacher allow each child to initiate activities and express his or her ideas, and respond in a timely and appropriate manner to those ideas and initiatives. Therefore, the correct approach will be to find a balanced way to combine the children’s different learning experiences on the continuum ranging from occasional, unstructured learning to structured and directed learning. There is a need to take advantage of these daily, naturally occurring events in the kindergarten in order to promote development and learning processes. Nevertheless, the teacher is required to plan her work systematically and in a structured manner while setting specific goals. The planning is to be based on recognizing the subject matter and the development continuum, and on awareness of the different interests and abilities of the kindergarten children.

The question “What do the arts teach the child,” is answered by researchers in the following manner: the arts perfect the process of creative thinking, and develop originality, focused perception, and imagination. They reinforce the desire to explore ambiguity, the ability to detect many different perspectives, and the understanding that all of these capabilities can coexist. Many different goals are listed in the literature, including providing the children with opportunities for personal expression, enjoyment, and creativity; strengthening motor, movement, voice, and aesthetic-artistic development; refining thinking; fostering a sense of belonging and connection to culture; developing of social skills (Burton et. al., 1999; Butzlaff, 2000; Caldwell, 1993; Catterall, 1998; Catterall, Chapleau & Iwanaga, 1999; Chapleau & Iwanaga, 1999a & 1999b; Cutietta et. al, 1995; Hamblen, 1993; Hetland, 2000; Luftig, 1995; Murfee, 1995.

Art influences us as if it were magic; it activates all of our senses, excites us and takes us to distant places. It activates our imagination and stimulates us to experience things hands-on and investigate. Art education in early childhood, according to Bab & Agam (1995), shows that if we look at art as a multi-sensory activity, we can conclude that the senses are the tools by which children perceive the world around them. Children use sound, sight, touch, smell, and taste actively to sense and perceive different relationships (relative size, shape, image and background).  Bab & Agam argue that the artistic experience is based on sensory experience and investigation. Learning is naturally integrated, though its enrichment and cultivation are conditional on the conscious intervention of an adult, since creative activities involving art materials and the observation processes improve key processes of visual perception and thinking processes, such as the distinctive distinction of shapes, colors, and lines; flexibility in visual observation and the understanding of messages, and the meanings produced by plastic visual means. They believe the artistic activities contribute to children in the following aspects:

    • They express thoughts and feelings through creative channels.
    • They achieve a sense of satisfaction that increases their self-esteem and thus contributes to their positive self-image.
    • They develop the ability to create graphic and plastic representations.
    • They learn about materials and processes.
    • They develop preparedness for new challenges.
    • They dare to do things in new ways.
    • They gain experience in choice and decision.
    • They evolve toward independence and autonomy.

From the above we can see that the creative activities involving materials encourage children to express themselves personally and uniquely, and experience discovery and creativity, as well as thinking and acting creatively.

The creative expression of activities using materials allows for children to give form to internal events, such as feelings, wishes, ideas, or visual images. It is also accompanied by a feeling of satisfaction derived from the activity itself. That is, integrating the plastic art in kindergarten is conceived as a major educational learning process for the child.

Smith (2000) argues that during the during the learning process, many fascinating and valuable experiences can occur with the kindergarten pupils, as their feelings, characteristics, and areas of interest are recognized. When designing the curriculum, the teacher must always remember these developmental characteristics in general and the development of the children’s artistic ability in particular. Most children aged four and five are already familiar with lines and shapes, and are looking for ways to create symbols to express their ideas. This knowledge is essential for drawing from observation. The ability to depict things in a painting, whether from memory or observation, develops at a younger age through revelations about lines, shapes, and page area.


This mixed methods research used both qualitative and quantitative research approaches. In order to present in-depth data about the chosen subject, the research was carried out in two stages:

Stage I – Qualitative. Semi-structured, in-depth interviews were conducted with the teachers to determine their attitudes towards educational approach of integrating plastic arts in kindergartens. Furthermore, in order to make the most of the data and the teachers work methods, I have decided to add the teachers’ reflection journals.

Stage II – Quantitative The categories that emerged from Stage I helped construct a closed questionnaire which was distributed to a broad-range population of kindergarten teachers for quantitative-statistical measurement (about 40 teachers).

This research combines qualitative and quantitative research in one research framework. This research design helps neutralize the disadvantages of each approach as well as utilize each approach’s advantages. In practice, using this framework, practical research can be applied with a theory which forms the basis for the hypotheses examined through quantitative research, as well as implement interviews (mostly in-depth interviews) and reflective journals which constitute the qualitative research. I chose this type of research in order to strengthen the internal and external validity of the research. The combination of the two research approaches forced me to examine the scope and depth of the data.

Data Collection: The research began with a review of the literature aimed at explaining plastic arts education, and comparing the two approaches – flowing education and structured education. Following, ten semi-structured interviews were conducted with early childhood teachers in order to compare their work methods and thinking. The data collection included three research tools: (1) Semi-structured interviews; (2) Reflective journals; (3) Closed questionnaires

The research tools were tested in a pilot study and validated accordingly.

The Findings of the Qualitative Stage

Analysis of the data yielded the main categories, which were divided according to the findings into the following sub-categories:

  1. Perceptions regarding educational approaches to plastic arts in kindergarten, with the following major categories:
    1. Attitudes towards the importance of teaching plastic arts in kindergarten These category summarizes the interaction between the teachers’ attitudes towards the importance of integrating plastic arts in kindergarten and their perceptions, as well as the factors that have been influencing their perceptions.
    2. Attitudes towards educational approaches. Each teacher has expressed her attitude regarding her overall educational approach and integrating plastic arts in kindergarten in particular.

2. Working methods in kindergarten, with the following major categories:

2.1 Presentation of materials.

2.2 The application of presenting the materials in kindergarten.

Two additional subcategories emerged in the analysis of these subcategories,:

3.1 Freedom of choice presenting the materials in kindergarten.

3.2 Artistic repertoire in teaching methods in kindergarten.

Analysis of the interviews and the personal journals yielded one major theme: Orientation for the child’s needs in kindergarten.

  1. The Flowing Approach:



Developing choosing capability

“The flowing approach allows children to choose where they want to create and what they wants to do in the time provided. “

Learning from personal experience

“The flowing approach makes children more independent and likely to experiment. A variety of materials.”

Multidisciplinary development

“The flowing approach develops all areas: cognitive, emotional, social, and motor.”

Effective learning

“In the flowing approach learning is more effective.”

Awareness of the disadvantages of the critical approach

“The downside of the flowing approach is that it lacks guidance.”


  1. The Structured Approach



Organization and stability – fixed order

“In the structured approach, everything is structured and known in advance”

“In the structured approach the teacher brings the knowledge”

Developing confidence

” A structured schedule offers consistency and security to the children”

Strong affinity to the curriculum

In the structured approach, the curriculum is in the center.”

“Teaching is formal and structured”

The Teacher’s Role

” In the structured approach the teacher’s role is to impart knowledge”

“To teach the child contents and subjects according to her choosing.”

Awareness and criticism

” In the structured approach everything is patterned and structured “

There is no choice and no initiative

“The presentation of materials is at the discretion of the teacher”

“The children operate according to a fixed order”

“The child cannot choose and cannot initiate”

Allows for close monitoring and evaluation

“You can estimate how much the child has learned and acquired”

“You cannot miss children who need mediation”

“Using this approach I have the ability to monitor the developments in the kindergarten”

The findings reveal that the attitudes towards educational approaches integrating plastic arts in kindergarten vary and are determined based on the teacher’s character and personality. Each teacher chose attitudes and an educational approach that was convenient for her to implement. Most teachers saw the child at the center, providing freedom of choice and options of interest according to the personal wishes of the child. Some teachers adhere to one approach, while others combine the two approaches – flowing and structured. An example of the flowing approach can be seen with teachers with Kibbutz experience who had previously undergone training and seminars with Gideon Levin (the founder of the approach), and it seems that the teacher’s educational approach was influenced by the person who developed it.

According to the reports of the research participants, it was possible to distinguish the teachers’ various approaches to integrating plastic arts in kindergarten. An approach that suites one teacher may not suit another. Each teacher has her own unique personality and her own personal ‘credo’, upon which she bases her work. Despite their different approaches, it is clear that the common goal for all of them is placing the children in the center and giving them freedom of choice regarding their activities.

The kindergarten teachers’ approaches vary and are characterized by their personal background. A number of factors seem to have influenced their attitudes and perceptions regarding their work. It was apparent that the early childhood educators’ level of awareness towards the importance of plastic arts in kindergarten increased after seminars and exposure to different art materials. It appears that kindergarten teachers regard plastic arts in kindergarten as a central and very basic component to the teaching contents in the kindergarten in particular, and in child development in general; It seems the teachers’ educational approaches not only emphasize the importance of plastic arts in the kindergarten, but they all talked about art as an important subject that is close to their hearts and the hearts of the children. All of the teachers’ statements reinforce the central theme, which is orientation towards the needs of the child, whereby integrating plastic arts in the kindergarten is important, since it contributes to child development in all areas, enriching their inner world, and inspires a freedom of choice that can be used in all of the child’s fields of interest.

As for the various means of application, the research and the teachers’ reports show that in most cases, presentation of the materials in kindergarten is done on a daily basis. The children take their own initiative in approaching the materials, choosing them themselves according to interests and personal preferences. While the activity is autonomous, the teacher does provide mediation and guidance when needed. In most kindergartens the presentation of materials is rather diverse, with a concept and rationale behind it. The materials are designed to stimulate the children to action, expression, and learning. This also highlights the central theme of the research, which is aiming for the needs of the child, as the children choose the materials on their own initiative, with freedom of choice and creativity, interests, and a desire to experiment independently. The freedom of choice afforded to the children is an important part of the teacher’s educational approach. The data reveal differences in the kindergarten teachers’ approaches to applying the presentation of materials.

However, analysis of the reflective journals showed various difficulties in presenting the materials: regarding the difficulties in implementing plastic arts in the kindergarten, many of the teachers argued that the children required mediation for some of the activities, and that the high number of children in the group caused them to have to wait in line. An additional difficulty seen by the teachers was that it was sometimes necessary to work individually, and the allocated time for the activity was limited. It was also apparent that for the tables where the plastic arts materials were combined daily, the flowing approach was prevailing, whereas the changing table usually employed the structured approach.

It was apparent that with the changing table knowledge was constructed and imparted, which helped assimilate the new studied material in the children; meaning, the presentation of materials also relies on the educational objective set by the kindergarten teacher.

Also emerging from the teachers’ journals was the fact that they had achieved their goal regarding the activity. It seems very important for the teachers to meet their objectives.


From the data, we can see that the presentation of materials in kindergarten is influenced by the teacher’s educational approach. Mostly, presentation of the materials is done in groups, and accessibility to the workshop is determined by the child. These techniques are based on allowing the child free choice while relating to  each child and his or her place, creativity and creative expression, with the desire to design and build things, starting a work and continuing it as a process, encouraging the children’s joint initiatives, and continuing processes in other creation tables. This also shows the central theme that is established throughout the research, which is based on the processes of development, experience, age, and capability.

The reports of the teachers indicate that they all seem to think that autonomy and freedom of choice are essential and necessary when presenting the materials in kindergarten, even if their general educational attitude is different. To them, freedom of choice is important in creation, since it is relevant to the developmental processes that the child undergoes and to their ways of expression in the workshop. The process the child experiences shapes his or her work, internal impressions form as a result of the experience and continue to influence the child over time, even after the process is done.

Different considerations guide the kindergarten teachers in selecting the specific art repertoire they present to the children. There are those who claim that their main consideration when choosing an artwork is maintaining the quality of the presented image, while others claim that their chosen artwork must be original, interesting, exciting, and one that endured the test of time. Some of the interviewees emphasized the artistic-cultural value of the presented artwork. There are teachers who claimed that the art work must be structured and tailored to early childhood. Several interviewees recommended starting an art curriculum that will be mandatory and include the core art repertoire, which will be fixed in all of the kindergartens in the country.

The findings indicate that one of the main sources for selecting the repertoire is the in-service program in which the teachers participated, namely formal and structured professional development frameworks attended during their years of work.

There are also other sources, such as the repertoire that is learned during the professional training programs, as well as those in the Ministry of Education art programs.

The choice of artworks for the children is usually based on the personal taste of the teacher, but is also usually matched to the needs of the kindergarten, based on different considerations, most notably the orientation towards the needs of the child and matching the repertoire to the current topic taught in kindergarten.
It is noteworthy that some of the research participants regard the ways of teaching the repertoire are meaningful for assimilating the art works, and that these ways also constitute an important factor the choice of repertoire that they will present to their kindergarten. On the other hand, there is also a prominent theme that accompanies each activity which is adapted to the level of development and the abilities of the children.

In conclusion: through this extensive research, I found how important and essential plastic arts are to the child’s development in early childhood. Despite the multiplicity of approaches and the lack of uniformity, there is one common denominator that guides all of the teachers who participated in this research, which is orientation towards the child’s needs and freedom of choice in creation, which provides the child with learning, exploration, and experiential activity. The innovative finding emerging from this research is that many kindergarten teachers do not ascribe to one specific approach, but rather combine the current available approaches to create a new, “integrated” educational approach, meaning that the teachers use the advantages of each educational approach and combine what is possible with what is feasible, thus giving themselves the room to grow and personally connect to the activity.

City and Guilds Teacher Development – Sia and General Education

The City and guilds 7303, 7407, 1886 qualifications are currently the industry benchmark and minimum requirement for people who want to work as trainers in the UK. The qualifications acquired are somewhat generic and often appeal to people with a professional background or vocational interest in the following fields:

Security, first aid, all CIEH, ASET, BIIAB and city and guilds courses. The following is a short explanation of each course and the main areas they focus on.

City and guilds 7303 offers adequate preparation for people who want to develop skills and acquire the right knowledge in the lifelong learning sector (PTLLS) City guilds 703 (C&G 7303) is more of a stepping stone which replaces the C&G 7302 and micro-teaching element acquired in the old certificate in adult education teaching (7307 stage 1).

C&G 7303 enables candidates to deliver training. This course is designed to contribute towards the knowledge and understanding for the Further Education National Training Organization also known as F.E.N.T.O. or contribute towards the occupational standards of the Employment National Training Organization also known as EMPNTO. These occupational standards are also the framework that underpin the C&G 7303 award.

City and Guilds 1886 (C&G 1886) is a level 3 certificate in conflict management training, the purpose of this city and guilds 1886 scheme is to provide a qualification for those who want to train others to deal with any types of violence in the workplace (e.g. teach C&G 1884). It is a qualification that will equip you to train a wide range of workers, security operators, door supervisors and all those who interact face-to-face with fellow workers and the public, as you see this is a very useful and necessary qualification for people working in these fields.

Other courses which are available (training and certification) in all SIA security related fields are: SIA door supervisor, close protection, security guard and CCTV operator. Related courses which are offered by special training companies include hygiene, health and safety, conflict management and medic first aid. These companies will travel to your place of business in order to deliver the appropriate training and can also work with individuals who can join an open course and become fully certified.

Online Education – The Only Way to Your Quality and Accredited College Degree

When you wish to register in an online College or University or a further kind of online education program, you must consider some available alternatives to see if the degree is accredited or the school is approved to run the programs. Studying online degrees is very important to accomplish your dream career.

You can do various categories of programs in management, education, accounting, business administration, science, engineering, and criminal justice, marketing and adult education online. Others are nursing, paralegal studies, computer science, home economics and nutrition, advertising, international relations and etc. Every thing about high school education can be done online.

Nevertheless, you can become an online degree holder at your own wish and with low-cost. There are many available options to you. You can do an online diploma, bachelor degree, associate degree and master’s degree as well as Ph.D programs. Several colleges or institutions work with you on accelerated financing and education support.

There are different ways you can get your online degrees. You can get hold of one, as quick as possible compare to going to a conventional college or university. You can also do your online study in various industries and get a credential that shows you completed a course work in careers like culinary arts. There are many benefits of getting a career training that can push your life ahead with this quality of online course.
It is potential for you to finish online education program from home, at work or while on vacation without alterations to your usual plan and schedule. An online career education is very essential to your life style, if you may desire to continue or grow up to the high class of qualified personality in the society or in your organization.

In conclusion, it can be a very important opportunity for you to progress to the next level of your career height and believe it or not, you will command bigger pay in your industry. Ensure you do in-depth research and go for an approved online education or institution that can improve the quality of your training.

Higher Education in the United States: An Overview

Higher education in the United States stands for every type of formal education after the
secondary level. Though the expression “college” is frequently applied to denote any institute offering higher education, a college is basically a 4 year undergraduate school that confers bachelor’s degrees. A college might or might not be a branch of a university that is made up of undergraduate college, as well as one or more graduate schools. Graduate schools are parts of universities that confer a broad range of degrees at the postgraduate and doctoral levels

The United States Department of Education supervises the entire higher educational
system of the country. It was established in 1980.

There is no countrywide university system in the United States. Nevertheless, there are numerous public and private institutions with distinct academic rules and regulations,
departmental composition, calendars as well as course programs. National and regional
organizations set up benchmarks for higher education and recognize schools which
fulfill those benchmarks.

In the United States, higher education is provided by various business schools, law
schools, engineering schools, criminal justice schools, educational schools and medical

Getting an opportunity to study in the U.S. is really attractive for the following reasons:

1) Choice of subjects
2) Quality of education
3) Value for money
4) Flexibility in selection of course programs

Graduate Degree Programs:

In the U.S., graduate degree programs typically adopt a broad-based pattern. Postgraduate programs focus on a specific field of study. Doctoral programs usually span two years. Every postgraduate and doctoral program is all-inclusive in nature and needs a lot of preparation for a substantial time period. The eligibility criteria are also made quite stringent in order to check the student’s understanding of the subject. Master’s degree programs can be categorized into thesis and non-thesis programs whereas a dissertation is mandatory for doctoral programs.
Coordinating Departments of the Government:

Following are names of some of the important government coordination departments dealing with higher education in the United States:

  • Alabama Commission on Higher Education
  • Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board
  • Washington State Higher Education Coordinating Board
  • California postsecondary education commission
  • The Georgia Department of Technical and Adult Education

Names of Prominent Universities in the United States:

Following are names of some of the well-known universities in the United States:

  • Stanford University
  • Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)
  • Harvard University
  • Columbia University
  • Yale University
  • University of Washington
  • University of Southern California
  • Cornell University
  • Carnegie Mellon University
  • Texas A&M University
  • Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
  • University of Pennsylvania
  • California Institute of Technology
  • Purdue University
  • Duke University
  • New York University
  • University of Florida


Education is a potent tool in the emancipation and empowerment of women. The greatest single factor which can incredibly improve the status of women in any society is education. It is indispensable that education enables women not only to gain more knowledge about the world outside of her hearth and home but helps her to get status, positive self esteem, and self confidence , necessary courage and inner strength to face challenges in life. Apparently it also facilitates them to procure a job and supplement the income of family and achieve social status. Education especially of women has a major impact on health and nutrition as an instrument of developing a sustainable strategy for population control. Moreover educated women can play an equally important role as men in nation building. Thus there is no denying fact that education empowers women. Indeed the different organs of the United Nations and experts on women‘s liberation argue for women’s education as the basic step to attain equality with men.

One of the recommendations of National Policy on Education (1986) by the Government of India is to promote empowerment of women through the agency of education and it is considered to be a land mark in the approach to women’s education of illiterate. The National Literacy Mission is another positive step towards eradication of illiteracy in the age group of 15-35 years. Women’ education has assumed special significance in the context of India’s planned development, as it is incorporated in every Five-year plans as the major programme for the development of women. Universalization of elementary education, enrolment and retention of girls in the schools, promotion of balwadies and crutches, raising number of schools and colleges of arts , science, and professional for girls , politechniques, girls hostels, multipurpose institutions and adult education programmes are some of the steps being  taken by both central and state governments in India to boost-up women’s education


Women education is a multi-dimensional phenomenon. No single factor or cause can be held responsible for very low literacy rate of women in India. Subsequently it is associated with combination of many factors including social, cultural, economic, educational, demographic, political and administrative and so on. The following are the some of the important factors which could be attributed for the present poor state of affairs of womenfolk in education.

The Lower Enrolment: The lower enrolment of girls in schools is one of the foundational factors which stand as stumbling block for women empowerment in India. Reliable sources indicate that more than 50 % of the Non-Starters (those who have never been to school) are girls.  According to the latest statistics, two out of every ten girls in the age group of 6-11 are still not enrolled in schools.

Higher drop-out rate among girls from schools: The incidence and prevalence of drop –outs among girls especially in rural, tribal and slums areas seem to be quite high. According to available sources, occurrence of drop-out and stagnation amongst girls is nearly twice that of boys all over India

Girl Child as Second Mother: In many families girl children play the role of second mother by shouldering the responsibilities of household work such as looking after the sibling, fetching water, collecting firewood, bringing fodder for cattle, cleaning and cooking etc.  In rural India especially in poor families this traditional sex role makes girl child handicapped and conditioned by the attitude of mother and the family and discourages girl child to go school as it becomes secondary

Bonded Labour System: This social evil is a quite discouraging phenomena which stand as barrier for girl’s education in rural areas for the underprivileged families of washer men and agricultural labour , scheduled caste and scheduled tribes.

Cast System as a Barrier; Children belonging to low caste families are forced to learn skills and work ways and not encouraged to go to school due to various factors in the sphere of strict instruction /threat from high caste communities for their selfish motives of keeping them as domestic servants and child labourers in the farms or factory.

Dowry as cordon: Dowry system and other social practices act as main causes of the neglect of the girl child and discrimination against girl child including the deprivation of right of education. In many families especially poor and down-trodden think that if their daughters are educated more, they have to accumulate more assets and properties to provide as dowry in large proportion at the time of marriage, so prefer rather to either stop their children with average education and so on but never higher education. This prevails more in underprivileged families and communities

Child Labour Practice: A large segment of child population in India is engaged in child labour practices. According to UN sources  India is the most child labour populous nation in the globe with more than 50 million child labourers indulged in beedi works , carpet making , bricks,  mining , quarrying ,glass, bangles, match and fireworks, gem polishing ,handloom works. zari,  embroidery ,coir industry, domestic works, construction etc. In most of these industries girl children are preferred for high productivity and low cost.

Poor School Environment for girls: In general the school environment for girls in India is not really interesting and encouraging. The subjects taught in schools are also not related to the environment of girl children. The methods of teaching are mostly out – dated, rigid and uninteresting. There are still hundreds of schools with poor basic amenities such as drinking water, latrine and toilet facilities, improper building, and inadequate number of teachers’ especially female teachers preferable for any parents for safety of their girl children from different types of exploitation and abuse.

Female age at marriage: There is high association of female literacy with female age at marriage.  By and large the female age at marriage of 18  ( recently 21 years ) as prescribed by various legislations not at all followed in India .It is very much ignored and neglected by the families of parents with low literacy and illiteracy background. This obnoxious practice discourages female children to continue their schooling and higher education as they enter into family life at the early age which is not advisable from the physical and mental health point of view and also of social development.

Inferiority, subservience and domesticity: The female child in Indian culture especially in rural, tribal and poor families is expected to develop the qualities of inferiority; subservience and domesticity which place sever limitations on her education and development

Poverty as a Barrier: In many poverty stricken families, children especially girls are considered as economic   assets as they bring income for livelihood as well to save from economic crises due to death or incapacity of parents (sick/ handicapped/aged)

Ineffective Law Enforcing Machinery: Indian constitution and various legislations pertaining to education to children assure free and compulsory education all children of this nation but unfortunately the enforcement machinery fail to discharge its duties and responsibilities to the satisfaction of the public interest and welfare of women

Demographic Factors: The high population growth rate, rapid urbanisation, migration etc also attribute immensely for the poor literacy level of women and girls in India

Poor Political Will and Conviction: Government officials, policy makers, politicians etc of our country have neither political will nor conviction for the empowerment of women in general.


The following measures can be considered for bringing phenomenal change in the plight women’s education and empowerment in India

  1. Ø  Since the prevailing situation of poor or less enrolment of girls in schools closes the doors for development and prosperity of future generation of women, concerted efforts must be initiated jointly by the government, parents and civil society to achieve universal enrolment for girls without any compromise. The enrolment can be made even mandatory for every girls by the government in the realm of compulsory education. .
  • The Ministry of Education both at Centre and State level should work out strategic steps to stop firmly the ongoing high drop –outs among girls especially in rural, tribal and slums areas with the serious involvement of voluntary organisations in every locality to realize zero drop-out among girls.
  • The poverty stricken families can  be identified through proper research and necessary poverty alleviation  services be provided to strengthen the income  thereby to enable the families to send their children to schools and colleges without much financial difficulties
  • Bonded Child labour and Child labour  practice must be abolished with strict administrative measures and the relieved children form bondage  should be integratedinto schools with suitable defence social mechanism.
  • Appropriate steps should be taken by the educational authorities with the participation of communities in order to bring the girl children to the main stream of education and development at every level including family and community.
  • The female child in every Indian family irrespective of socio-economic status should be moulded to overcome the challenges of inferiority; subservience and domesticity which place sever limitations on her education and development. Every family irrespective its socio-cultural and economic background can take it a challenge to bring up their girl children as dignified human being with empowerment in physical , mental, economic and social dimensions of life.
  • The Midday meal scheme and other educational supportive services like free text books,  Note books , Fee uniforms , Free Bicycles, Free bus , scholarships Free bus pass and so on  as done in the state of Tamil Nadu can be provided in all states and union territories to lift up the literacy level among girls
  • As social evils like dowry, child marriage , caste system and other practices deprive rights of education for children belonging to poor and underprivileged families and communities, they should eliminated through well-designed packages of mass awareness programmes and social welfare measures with full support of  public, political parties, NGOs and government agencies.
  • The electronic and print media can play significant role in building a good and positive image about girls and women in general in the society by giving no focus for such advertisements and news fetching commercial gain at the cost of depicting women as an object. This would help in changing the society ‘s attitudes towards girls and their roles to treat every girl or woman as human being with self respect and dignity.
  • Government, voluntary sector and philanthropic organisations and individuals should come forward to provide free education for poor girls and provide free  hostel facilities  for girls studying in schools and colleges in every state of India. This will certainly encourage children of poor families to pursue good and higher education without much impediments
  • The schools of social work, departments of women studies, Women Universities and other educational institutions in hand with  NGOs  and social service organisations such as Rotary Clubs , Lions Clubs , women lib organisations associations can work together to improve the educational status of the womenfolk in this country on mutual respect and understanding.
  • The parents of children belonging to poor, underprivileged families  must be specially educated with proper social formula to help them  to understand the significance of education  for their girl children as foundation for empowerment
  • Government, NGOs and public should work hand in hand to implement the minimum age at marriage (21and above) Awareness should be created to institutionalise it as a traditional practice cut acrossing castes, religions, community etc.
  • Government officials, policy makers, political parties and others should have adequate political will and conviction to empower women in India without double standard mind
  • The law enforcing machinery should be made really effective with efficient monitoring vigilant system to implement the constitutional and legislative provisions and administrative measures to assure free and compulsory education for all children of this nation without any gender discrimination.


In spite of the forceful intervention by a bastion of female privilege, feminist critics, constitutional guarantees, protecting laws and sincere efforts by the state governments and central government through various schemes and programmes over the last 62 years and above all , the United Nation’s enormous pressure with regard to the uplift of the plight of women in terms education is still in the state of an enigma in India for several reasons. The 2001 Census report indicates that literacy among women as only 54 percent  It is virtually disheartening to observe that the literacy rate of women India is even much lower to national average i.e. 65.38 .The growth of women’s education in rural areas is very slow. This obviously means that still large womenfolk of our country are illiterate, the weak, backward and exploited. Moreover education is also not available to all equally. Gender inequality is reinforced in education which is proved by the fact that the literacy rate for the women is only 54% against 76% of men as per 2001 Census.

Tips For Rapidly Altering Your Article

In the event that paper composing is your obsession then one thing which pesters you is to make it meaningful. When you sit to think of you continue composing to keep up the stream. Be that as it may, once you are done you need to check whether it is respectable or not. Altering an article is a mammoth assignment. On the off chance that it’s composed by you then it’s still simple yet in the event that you need to alter an article composed by another person then the errand is minimal intense. There are numerous web altering destinations. These locales either check your paper for productivity or give you tips for altering them. 

What are the fundamental focuses to search for while altering an exposition? 
* Language structure, composing style, arrangement and association are some fundamental things you ought to check for while altering a bit of composing. 
*Look for a characteristic stream all through the composed piece. On the off chance that you find that the stream of the composition is missing or is extremely sudden then it requires to be altered 
*Look for inquiries in the whole bit of composing. In the event that you can put in part of inquiries in the paper it will be extremely intriguing to peruse. So in the event that you discover one which has less of inquiries, and written in an essential tone you can embed inquiries to make it intriguing. 
*Look for creativity in the composed piece. It ought not be a duplicate of some past work. Literary theft is a hostile demonstration. Check the bit of composing for copyright infringement moreover . 
*Be concentrated on one specific territory while altering. In the event that you search for some things in the meantime in the altered piece then you will be absolutely lost. Be clear about the necessities of the point. Experience the first piece and relate it with what the subject requires from the creator. Erase anything unessential. These will really dial down your assignment a considerable measure. 

You can take after these simple steps and present your perusers with faultless awesome bit of composing. These little convenient tips will truly help you while you need to check any bit of composing. It will come into a considerable measure of assistance and back off your errand a ton. Altering a composed piece will never again be feared. You can undoubtedly take up a bit of composing and alter it without worrying yourself. Altering is fundamentally making a bit of composing practically immaculate or better to peruse at. Thusly it ought to be finished by keeping up the innovation of the piece.

Where to Take the Best Adult Dyslexia Test Online

Maybe one of the Problems with the dyslexia adult learning disability is that educational programs frequently teach to the majority, ignoring different kid and adult learning styles. Dyslexic people are sometimes really smart, but are branded as “slow learners” since they’re nervous, distractible and confused. Later in life, folks are fearful of taking an adult dyslexia test because they do not want people to judge them. Yet, understanding how one’s brain is wired and which systems can help an individual overcome a road block can be very beneficial.

An adult dyslexia test can be useful to explain one’s condition. Often times, someone with dyslexia signs gets a false diagnosis. Right off the bat, many people are perceived as “underachievers” who just don’t care about achieving quality marks in school or getting ahead in life. These stigmas and stereotypes can forestall an individual from rising above the labels. Kids are often diagnosed with ADHD nervousness because they’re perceived to be smart but fidgety and under-performing. Being put on medication such as Ritalin is no way to triumph over basic reading problems. Other people with dyslexia are even seen as having adults Asperger syndrome, depression or even mild psychological retardation since they seem “different” from others. With a correct diagnosis, individuals can expect more reasonable goals and achieve more and more before.

There are 2 primary places to find an adult dyslexia test; either through a therapist or on the internet. Chartered therapists may own a practice or operate through a local college. College psychologists are generally doubtful of evidence of dyslexia and wish to send disabled adults to their one-size-fits-all reading and writing centers instead. Private practice therapists are often much better with their assessments and reporting, though they’re also more dear.

Online adult dyslexia tests may seem dear, but not compared to an office visit. Once the test is finished, the results will be determined and you will then get a diagnosis and be informed about the different adult learning styles. There’s more than one adult dyslexia test used to diagnose adult learning disabilities, but one of the most frequently recommended is the Amidyslexic Adult Dyslexia test. It takes about 25 minutes to complete and, unlike most dyslexia screening tests that can be taken on the internet, assesses your performance, against one of the largest samples ever collected for dyslexia testing.

Want To Be A Successful Student? Use Smart Tools

Student life is rich and intensive. And it goes here not just about the studies themselves, but the relaxation and entertainment as well. To catch it all, students should be very effective. Nowadays, this target is successfully hit with the help of numerous tools elaborated to facilitate your studies and leave more space for your amusement.Look through some smart applications intended to organize your thoughts and give you more freedom 24writer .



An essay writing application intended to write essays instead of you. The customized settings make it easy to ask for immediate help from a qualified essay writer. An excellent option when you have loads of assignments to complete, or when you are a poor researcher.


For those poor researchers. The application ensures a perfect search of the most appropriate sources for your academic papers, by subject and relevance. Mind that all the sources are reliable and trustworthy, which will definitely make your professor happy.


Make quick notes and get accessed to all of them from any of your gadgets. OneNote is the application to group your thoughts and ideas, with further easy search of the required ones. A share option helps you discuss your thoughts with your mates whatever their gadgets.


A winning alternative to OneNote: you make your notes by keyword or key phrase, and they are easily found whenever you need them. An excellent guide through your exams. You can add images and videos and create team groups to share your notes.


A teamwork-inspiring tool: stimulates the cooperation between the project participants. Wherever you are, reach your mates easily and discuss the most sophisticated project issues. Make virtual project groups, make notes, make fun – everything is possible with Slack.


Streamline your ideas, make your projects visual and immersive, manage your targets and share your skills – this tool provides for all of it, and many more.Use it to schedule your work and measure your workload. Play team games and get involved in joint projects. Plan your coffee breaks and dates – those are also a part of your study life, after all.


The above tools are just a few to make your studies easier and more amusing. Start with them, and you will gradually learn how to make your student life more productive and less chaotic.


About the author: Lisa Emerson, a 3-year student at the Dublin Institute of Technology (Ireland, UK), is very keen on gadgets and writes about special-purpose learning tools aimed at facilitating the studies.As a hobby, Lisa participates in volunteer travel projects and attends adventure clubs.

Tips on Composing Confirmation Expositions

The confirmation procedure to be acknowledged into a decent school can be extremely requesting and distressing. Indeed, even incredible exam scores may not be sufficient to consequently get you into your preferred school. With expanding rivalry and a just as extensive number of understudies attempting to secure a spot in the best schools and colleges quite a long time, it gets to be crucial to emerge and be one of a kind so as to secure your place. A decent affirmation article can offer you some assistance with making that distinction and give you an edge over different competitors.

Most importantly, it is fundamental when composing affirmation articles to persuade the school powers of your potential. Your article needs to depict your identity and fitness to the entrance advisory board. It doesn’t generally make a difference what the point is. What is being tried is your general bent and your relational abilities when all is said in done. Thus, you should be innovative and you’re composing must be fascinating.

The most widely recognized misstep made by understudies while composing the affirmation article is not setting aside the opportunity to legitimately read the directions on the application structure. Before composing your exposition, you have to determine the course you are applying for – you’d be astounded how frequently understudies neglect to incorporate this essential data!

Other confirmation paper mix-ups to maintain a strategic distance from incorporate surging you’re composing, neglecting to give careful consideration to the presentation, or composing the same thing again and again inside of the exposition. You have to set aside your time on the substance and presentation and think of diverse thoughts to produce enthusiasm for your composition.

A viable confirmation paper must be commanding, convincing and simple to peruse.

Keep the matter straightforward and short so that the peruser can without much of a stretch comprehend it. The paper ought to likewise pass on a considerable measure about you. The peruser ought to have the capacity to imagine your character and conduct and there ought to be a legitimate stream of thought in your exposition.

An affirmation exposition ought to begin with a presentation took after by the principle body and close with a short synopsis of the point. Pay consideration on the language structure, accentuation and spelling. Indeed, even a modest mistake can break your shots of being conceded. You’re composing ought to mirror a blend of modesty, liberality and pride, and you ought to compose your paper in an impartial tone

A confirmation article must be unique, fair, extraordinary and straightforward. Continuously remember your end destinations while composing the article – it must make a positive impression in the brain of the peruser and separate you from alternate candidates.


Exposition Composing: How to Sort out Your Musings

A few individuals surmise that written work is a natural aptitude and individuals are conceived with it. You will be astounded to know, that this announcement is not genuine. Composing a paper means adding to your abilities. Association of your considerations in paper sythesis has the checked effect between a decent and poor exposition. An understudy may have awesome thoughts, yet chaotic contemplations and arrangement of sections may not come about into an impactful article.

Never forget there are terrible essayists and not awful perusers. In this way, the association of your considerations on paper must be such that perusers may not think that its difficult to comprehend the significance of the sentences.

The three most imperative segments, which make a decent paper, are:

– Proposition

– Supporting focuses

– Conclusion

Proposition characterizes the reason for your composition. When you have addressed your inquiry concerning the essential issue of your written work, you will know how to outline your organization. In the last line of your presentation, you must specify about the postulation. The peruser will get the indication about the point of convergence in your paper.

Supporting focuses are the data, which demonstrates your expressed focuses. They are the proofs, which bolster your announcements. On the off chance that on the off chance that you don’t have enough supporting focuses, then you must revamp on your postulation or think of another proposition. For every supporting point, you must have a different passage. The word tally of your paper will decide what number of supporting focuses you require.

Conclusion is the last and the most critical part of your exposition. Here you must review your proposition. Try not to rehash words or sentences. You need to reframe your words and sentences in a manner that you make the perusers consent to your choices in the article.

You must remember some straightforward focuses. Pretty much as you, don’t assemble a house without its blue print. Also and article requires a blue print. Framework of your paper is vital. You may feel it is dreary yet diagram of your piece helps in association of your musings. Disrupted exposition composing means there is no arranging included.

When you have given a diagram to your exposition, now you realize that you won’t go amiss from your point. Compose according to your exposition layout.

The last step is the editing. You will ruin your exposition on the off chance that you have linguistic blunders and spelling oversights. You can take assistance from your companions or folks who will call attention to your missteps. Frequently an author is not ready to stick point his mistakes, this is the reason you must include another person for editing.

In the event that you take after these progressions in your article, keeping in touch with you will make a decent exposition. The detailing of a sketched out arrangement is similar to a math recipe, which gives you correct approaches to advance in your paper composing. For a decent article composing join these progressions in your organization your perusers will get the essential realities and data behind your paper composing.

How to Become an Office Administrator

Office administrator is a very important “character” in the play of the office. He or she is important for successful running of medium to large-sized firms and companies in a great variety of industries. Office administrators are usually called the hubs of organizations. A professional administrator must have the ability to the fast adaptation to the changing environment, strong nervous system to perform multi-task projects.

Some of the main everyday duties of an office administrator include staffing, word processing, database management, creating and maintaining various spreadsheets, managing and dealing with medical and insurance billing information about the employees, accounting, record keeping and assisting clients or patients. Since office administrator is a profession that is strongly connected to the other people, anyone who has a will to become a professional office administrator should make sure that he or she enjoys being and working with people and can be both leaders and team players.

So below the article will reveal essential information for those who want to get the full answer to the question how to become an office administrator. The information will include education and personal qualities descriptions.

Become an Office Administrator

If you decided to become a professional office administrator then you need to do a lot of work yourself. For example, you should become skilled at keyboarding and word processing, study a great variety of software programs to be able to operate them without any problems on the working place, take a couple of bookkeeping classes and actually become an adept at basic math and an expert with English grammar. Professionals in this field also advise to take some communications classes because office administrators have to communicate a lot at their work place.

A great option in education and one of the most useful ones if internships or apprenticeship opportunities. The latter usually involves working as an office administrator. You need to graduate from school, then go to even a community colleges to obtain some academic credit for the office administrator programs and you can also seek for on-the-job-training to get a better and practical idea of what you would eventually like to apply for. Moreover, at such trainings you usually can get letters of recommendations which are very useful when applying for the real job.

Various full time and part time diploma courses existing in Canada today can help you earn a certificate or even an associate’s degree in a business related major. College or university education can help you learn vital career skills, and it is also a valuable advantage that you can show an employer. This diploma will show that you have the ability to perform all the needed functions of the job and that you actually know what those qualities are. This fact is especially important for those who do not have much work experience.

When actually looking for opportunities you need to sit down and make a list of the companies which you think you may enjoy working at and also not to forget thinking about your skills and interests.

Be ready to move if the job of your dreams is in a different city. Follow the dream!

List of Entrance Exams in India

Merit is the key to success of an educational institute. The university, college or institute is good only of it gives admission on merit basis because the students who work hard deserve to get admission at some best college, university or institute to make their career best. Therefore, world’s best universities have high merits. There is a whole, organized system of entrance test in India. These entrance tests are conducted by different universities/colleges for different academic programs. These tests are conducted to check the ability and caliber of a student to get admission in some academic program. There we have List of entrance exams in India for different academic programs:

Entrance tests for Medical

  • PGIMER Entrance Exam (post graduate institute of medical education and research)
  • DNB CET (diplomat National Board Centralized Entrance Test)
  • AIPGMEE (All India post Graduate Medical Entrance Examinations)
  • BBBBVP PG Medical
  • Y Patil AIPGMET
  • FMGE (Foreign medical Graduate Screening Exam)
  • KLEU PGAIET (KLE University Post graduate All India Entrance test)

Above mentioned exams are the most important tests for admission in medical universities, departments or institutes. But there are many other tests for admission to medical colleges.

Entrance exams for Engineering

  • Joint entrance examination (JEE)
  • Kerala Engineering Agricultural Medical
  • Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE)
  • Odisha Joint Entrance examination
  • Rajasthan Pre-engineering test
  • Birla Institute of technology and science admission test

Science subjects entrance exams

Universities and degree awarding institutes usually conduct their own departmental tests for admission in different programs. Some entrance exams for science degrees are:

  • TISSNET (Tata institute of social sciences National entrance test)
  • BITSAT (birla institute of technology and science admission test)
  • CUSATCAT (Cochin University of science and technology common Admission Test)
  • IIT-JAM (Indian institute of Technology joint admission test)
  • SET (Symbiosis Entrance test)

Entrance exams for the Arts Subjects

Some tests for admission in arts subjects are:

  • TISSNET (Tata institute of social sciences national entrance test)
  • CUSATCAT (Cochin University of Science And Technology common Admission test)
  • UPsee (Uttar Pradesh State Entrance Examination)

Entrance exams for management studies

Management and business studies are offered by many universities and colleges of India but they also conduct exams to join these academic programs. Entrance exams for management studies are:

  • KMAT (Karnataka Management Aptitude test)
  • TANCET (Tamil Nadu Common Entrance test)
  • GMAT (Graduate management admission test)
  • MAT (management aptitude test)
  • NMAT (NarseeMonjee Management Aptitude test)
  • UPSEE (Uttar Pradesh State Entrance Examination)
  • SNAP (Symbiosis National Aptitude Test)
  • IIFT (Indian institute of Foreign trade)
  • IPUCET (Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University Common entrance test)

Above mentioned exams are like the representatives of different entrance exams and tests conducted by universities, institutes or colleges. Some entrance exams are also conducted on national level to get admission in any university. Students must keep themselves up to date about entrance exams to avoid trouble after the due date, Newspaper and internet is the best source of information so use it for a good purpose.

Guide to Different Types of Essay


Over the course of their education, starting with high school, and ending with college or even PhD studies, students are required to present their knowledge of certain subjects by writing an essay. However, depending on the topics around which they are written, they can differ from one another in length, form, or the way the topic is argued. In order to be successful, students need to become acquainted with several different types of essays. The following list includes 7 essay types you should master.

1.   Five Paragraph Essay

One of the most common essay types you will encounter is the five paragraph essay, which starts with an introductory paragraph, which should be several sentences long, and in which you pull the reader in and present your thesis. The following three body paragraphs is where you argue in the favor of you thesis, saving the strongest arguments for last. The conclusion should tie the whole essay together and restate your thesis.

2.   Descriptive Essay

Another common type of essay, which is also offered by almost every writing service out there, is the descriptive essay, which has the goal is describing the properties of something or someone, or describing a certain in event, primarily using the information gather by our senses, i.e. how something felt, looked, smelled, and so on, instead of facts or statistics.

3.   Narrative Essay

A narrative essay needs to tell a story. Depending on the assignment your professor gives you, it can be based on facts, or fiction. In both cases, it needs to feature certain elements that are crucial for this type of essay, such as character and plot development, and even dialogue.

4.   Compare/Contrast Essay

If you want to argue the way in which two concepts, items, or two people differ from one another, you would write a compare/contract essay. You can introduce your own opinion, or be neutral, or simply make it an entertaining read. Comparison essays usually focus on the similarities, whereas as contrast essays argue the differences between the two subjects.

5.   Cause and Effect Essay

When writing a cause and effect essay, you should aim to establish a connection between certain events and discuss how one led to another. This approach works well if you are writing an essay about historical events. Provide as much information as you can to support your thesis on how some events or problems are connected.

6.   Argumentative Essay

Among the most common essay types is the argumentative essay. It present the students with a controversial topic where they have to choose one side and argue in the favor of it. For instance, you may be asked to argue the merits of the death penalty, or the existence of God, , or whether or not some stereotypes are true.

7.   Critical Essay

As their name indicates, critical essays are those which analyze and critique someone else’s work, whether it’s a book, a novel, a movie, a musical composition, or a play.


Although there are other essay types, nearly all of them are based around one of these seven. If you master each of these, you will have no problem expressing your thoughts, observations and ideas through an essay.

How To Save A Relationship From Falling Apart Last Minute Action You Can Take

Are you trying to figure out how to save a relationship from falling apart? Perhaps you are still together with your lover and the break up has not occured yet. But deep inside your heart, you know the inevitable is going to happen any day unlerss you do something about it.

Well, the good news is that it is indeed possible to save a relationship from falling apart. Of course, the things you need to do will differ according to your marital status. If you are married, a lot more things are at stake and you will have to approach your situation in a more careful manner. If you are not married, then you have a bit more choices when it comes to whether you still want to save the relationship.

In this article, let us focus on what non married couples can do to save their relationships from falling apart.

First and foremost, you need to understand that in any relationship, communication is the key. If your ex doesn’t seem to be doing anything to salvage this relationship, then it is up to you to take the initiative. Take the initiative to initaite the conversation.

Here is what I will do when I sense my relationship is on the rock. First, I will speak to my partner about my concern. Tell them that this relationship is important to you and you do not want it to go downhill.

If you sense that they are unhappy, ask them why. Ask them if you have neglected them. Don’t get defensive. Just listen. Understand their needs. If you have neglected their needs, apologize with sincerity. Tell them you are willing to change and ask them how you can make them happy and what you can do for them.

Of course, honesty is important here. You must also tell him/her truthfully what you are not happy about. Tell them about your needs and why they are not being fulfilled. Of course, say it in a tactful manner. Don’t point fingers or criticize. For example, you should say, ‘I would be happy to see you more often’ instead of saying ‘You never spent enough time with me’.

Relationship is 2 sided. Both parties need to give and receive from each other.

If you think this is necessary, you might even suggest to stop seeing each other for a period of time, probably 2 weeks to one month to think things through. Remember, tell them this is not a break up. It is just taking time to think about important issues regarding your relationship.

Both of you must really be clear about what you want. Do both of you still treasure this relationship? Do both of you still want to save this relationship?

Female Led Relationship

Her Secrets

Your female led relationship is no longer a shock to people anymore. It is becoming more and more accepted that women love to take control, and truly are better at making a relationship work. Women seem to be better at communicating, better at showing their feelings, and recognizing what men really want. But even in a female led relationship, we can all use some help from time to time.

This seems to be a sure bet, if you care to make any relationship predictions. Women all over the world are experiencing a powerful, proven system that shows them how easy it is to be the best lover a man will ever know. Finally learn what other woman have known for years.

There is a complete guide for the female led relationsip that shows how to drive any man crazy with the now revealed secrets you can do to him. They are referred to as the time-tested lovemaking secrets known by the most seductive women of all time. You will understand exactly how to give your man the ultimate pleasure during your intimate moments together. If you ever wanted to know how to make relationship last. This technique is becoming more and more successful for adult women of all ages making their marriage or relationship soar to the greatest heights of passion.

You will be exposed to simple exercises, sensual games and hot tips to incredible tantric techniques that will teach you things you never knew were possible. This alone is going to make such a drastic difference for both you and your partner, that this experience will bring the two of you closer together than ever before. And your man will have you to thank.

As you share in these new found pleasures, you will be so much more self-confident for taking control of your own relationship, that you will definitely be happier as you satisfy the man you love. No matter what your age, race, body size, if you are short or tall, blond or brunette, it doesn’t matter. Relationship predictions are, If you use the techniques you learn, you will become much more satisfied with your new lifestyle, sex life and relationship.

You may be as surprised as I was to even find a guide like this. But actually, this is the first time a seduction guide like this has been available on the web just for women in a female led relationship. So take advantage of this unique opportunity and start to make changes in your life right now!

Home Phones – The Evergreen Medium Of Communication

Home phones are, and have always been, the most common mode of communication. They are also the oldest way of communication. Few decades back, home phones were the only mode of communication and were quite expensive. But today, as because of the multitude of technologies that are coming, the competition has gone very tough. So, to maintain their importance and popularity, home phone manufacturers are today manufacturing the latest home phones with advanced features and stylish looks at a low price. These features include caller ID, video conferencing, 3G services and many more.

The working of a home phone is also very simple. The radio signals are converted into electrical signals, which in turn using a decoder, are converted to human understandable signals, i/e/, sound. For a specific area, telephone centers are installed that are responsible for managing all the home phones for that particular area. They are connected via wires that in turn are connected to telephone towers which are handled by the service providers.

These phones are used in homes and offices, and since they are the most stable devices used for communication, a majority of the global population is interested in buying a home phone besides a regular cell phone. These devices are stable because they provide a regular service to the users. They continue working in extreme situations unlike competitors like mobiles that can’t work for a long time without a recharge. Another reason why these phones are so much popular and in use is their low cost price and strong connectivity even in rural areas.

Because home phones are so much in demand, many international companies are also coming in the business of manufacturing them. Some of biggest brand names that produce these devices are Sony, Panasonic, and Motorola etc. Today, home phones are also coming in special packages which attract a customer to buy it. Also, offers like discount calls etc. are being given nowadays by service providers so as to increase the number of users.

One most popular category of home phones is cordless phones which work on DECT technology. These phones are based on wireless technology and provide more flexibility to users.

Home phones are the evergreen mode of communication and widely used everywhere today. We can buy them from both online and offline shops.

Communication Skills And Personal Development Plan

In a personal development plan, it is important that you have good communication skills. It helps you set out with clarity your goals, the course of actions that you need to initiate in pursuit of such goals, conveying your needs to people who may help you with your goals, and utilizing the available relevant resources.

When you have realized your goals, you may share them with other people or use them in your company, good communication skills play an important role. If you want to improve your confidence, you must work out to be able to:

1. Be more effective in dealing with professors, classmates, colleagues, customers, supervisor, subordinates.
2. Realize your desires on your own terms.
3. Enhance your performance and feel better about yourself.
4. Handle problems more efficaciously.
5. Communicate more clearly.

The essence of communication is to understand and be understood clearly. The varying personalities and background as well as the different points of view may pose challenges in understanding things and people. If your communication skills are improved, the benefits are wide.

If you have excellent communication skills, you may possess the following abilities:
a. successful response from people and the surroundings
b. sound relationships in business and personal
c. effective problem solving and decision-making skills
d. good level of productivity
e. sound work flow
f. improved professional and personal image
g. compelling advocacy

The truth is that good communication skills are vital to your personal growth. It should be among the areas that you should give consideration if you are having a personal development plan.

If you are good at communication, you may still include some exercises that may enhance your skills. If you have difficulties in communication, it should be among your top priorities in your development plan. Learn to express your concepts in several approaches.

Learn to understand what people are trying to convey through their gestures, body language, and not just through their words.

There are three areas of communication that you need to be good at. These are writing skills, listening skills, comprehension skills, and oral communication skills.

In writing communication, it is important that you know English composition and Business English. In both of these aspects, your writing must be effective. You should know the different styles in writing and when to use each style.
In listening communication, it is wise to listen with your heart and mind.

To have the effective listening skills, you need to maintain eye-contact with the speaker, and never to interrupt him or her. You may express your understanding by nodding.

If you are good at listening, you may understand better the situation, and know the best resolutions. If you have assignments, you may understand them clearly and understand what is expected of you.

In oral communication, you should learn the techniques to catch the attention of your listeners. When you have caught their interests, it is important to maintain their concentration on you.

Avoid boring people and keep the conversation or speech lively and interesting. Your personal development plan should allocate time for exercises that would enhance your communication skills.

Communication Conflict Between Arabs And Estonians – Indirect And Direct Communication Styles

We all know that our success in life depends in a great deal how good communicators we are. New immigrants often believe that just learning vocabulary and grammar makes them effective communicators in Estonia and solves all the problems. However, in the long run they notice that they have misunderstandings and conflicts everywhere. By observing cultural differences in communication styles and practices of new immigrants in Estonia and other European countries, I have recorded several cultural differences that lead to conflicts and misunderstandings instead of success.

Recently we saw a case in media where a group of Arabs tried to change their drivers licenses in Estonia, however, caused a media event by threatening officials instead. The main reason for the conflict was that although Arabs spoke Estonian, they used totally different communication style than Estonians do. It was really interesting to see how the officials tried to explain the regulations according to their own direct communication style, however, as Arabs and Estonians have very different listening and speaking habits, Arabs did not get the message but perceived it as an unfriendly behavior and responded with threats. For Estonians, on the other hand, it is difficult to grasp that speaking volubly and with a rising tone might show sincerity in other cultures and thus they usually perceive it as an aggressive behavior.

One of the Egyptian participants of the adaptation course in Estonia commented the case: l would like to tell you that l was in an Estonian driving school one week before this case happened and l passed the exams at the first attempt and all this during 45 days and l have now Estonian driving license, so l am the first and only Egyptian who has got it through school in Estonia until now and l know also that some of this group which were involved in this case went to driving school after they heard that l had got the license but they haven’t finished yet.

There are enormous cultural differences in low and high context communication, in how to approach other people, how to say what is relevant, in body language, in direct and indirect communication styles as well as in values and norms. Officials who analysed the situation claimed that Arabs didnt listen to them, that they spoke about irrelevant things, didnt obey rules and threatened officials. Customer servants usually claim that Arabs dont understand the meaning of the word “no”, they dont get that it really means that “something is not possible”. They seem to think that they just have to explain longer and come back on the next day with bigger group and speak louder. According to my experience Arabs tend to use the same communication behavior over and over again in different situations in Estonia although they never reach their goals.

Arabic and Estonian cultures may be distinguished in terms of direct versus indirect communication styles. Estonian cultural preference is for clear and direct communication as evidenced by common expressions such as “ra keeruta! (Don’t beat around the bush), “Rgi asjast! (Get to the point). As we see from these two examples Estonians use even less words to express these phrases than English speakers which means that they really prefer to get to the point as quickly as possible without wasting time as that is how they feel when someone talks too much about “irrelevant” things. In high-context communication, (such as Arabic) much of the “burden of meaning” appears to fall on the listener. In low context cultures (such as Estonian), the burden to accurately and thoroughly convey the meaning in ones spoken or written message appears to fall on the speaker (Hall, 1976). Estonians are not good in comprehending or following the real purpose of the indirect message and they perceive it as a waste of time. I have witnessed many conflicts which have aroused only because a person from another culture just talks to much and too long. The direct style strives to represent facts accurately and avoids emotional overtones and suggestive allusions.

Indirect communication style, which is more common among Arabs, is to the contrary, ambiguous and emotionally rich. The desire for precision is not as important as creating emotional resonance. For Estonians, it is difficult to grasp that speaking loudly and with a rising tone might show sincerity in other cultures and thus, they usually perceive it as aggressive and hostile behavior. Although Arabs are considered as represenatives of indirect communication style, the Arabic language seems to be in many ways much more direct than English or Estonian. For example, in Estonian you cannot say to someone I want this! or “You must do this!”. Instead, one often paraphrase it as a question or use conditional mood “Ma sooviksin… ” (I would like to have…), “Kas oleks vimalik/kas ma saaksin…? ” (Would it be possible/could I…?). In those cases Arabs tend to use according to the Arabic language structure quite direct approach which may shock officials, customer servants as well as all other people in Estonia because it sounds aggressive. In addition, like in the German language there are familiar and polite forms for saying “you (Sina Du, Teie Sie) and in official communication context between strangers only the polite form is always used as it enables to keep distance and shows respect. This is definitely another reason why Estonians regard Arabs communication style as agressive.

So far we have been training only officials and customer servants on these issues to reduce cross-cultural conflicts in Estonia, however, it doesnt make new immigrants more successful communicators. In ordinary language courses language teachers are not aware of cultural differences in communication styles and are not able to teach those skills. The Estonian language course books are not designed to teach cross-cultural communication nor how to become successful in business and life. This is why it is relevant offer seminars and training materials for new immigrants to raise their cultural awareness and teach how to achieve their communication goals in Estonia.

If There’s No Trust In A Relationship How Can There Be Love

If There’s No Trust In A Relationship How Can There Be Love?

When it comes to knowing what it really takes to make a lasting relationship, we’re often wrong. As an example, do you know that it isn’t always necessary to liven things up? Being reliable has greater importance than excitement in building strong relationships. The following eight suggestions will strengthen the bond with your partner by building up the most important ingredient in a relationship: trust.

1.) As noted in the introduction, being reliable is essential. This is contrary to the common perception that things have to be stirred up in order to keep your partners interest. Some variety doesn’t hurt, but trust is the real foundation of a stable relationship. Trust requires believing that your partner will be there through thick and thin. This trust is built through steady reliability every single day.

2.) Your words should never contradict your body language. If you mention that you’re glad about a decision your partner has made but you’re frowning, he or she will immediately pick up on this inconsistency. You shouldn’t keep your partner in the dark about what your true thoughts are because this is a kind of deceit. Trust is built when you always mean what you say and there’s no mismatch between your words and your message.

3.) Always make sure that your actions don’t contradict your words. In this particular case, I’m not talking about body language. If you say one thing, but do something entirely different, your credibility will be nonexistent. This lack of credibility will rapidly wear away the trust in a relationship.

4.) You should always have a very profound belief that your partner is a competent person. Everyone does have their strengths as well as their weaknesses, but overall, you must believe that your partner is competent. Contempt destroys the trust that exists between the two of you.

5.) Don’t keep secrets from your partner. Secrets generally have a way of being discovered eventually. Once it’s been discovered, your partner will wonder about any other secrets that you may have. Trust takes time to build while secrets can demolish trust immediately.

6.) It’s important to make known your needs to your partner. You should not be expecting she or he to guess what it is that you need. Maintaining a healthy balance is important because too much selflessness is as bad as extreme self centeredness. Reluctance to assert your needs denies your partner the opportunity to express love by giving.

7.) Don’t be afraid about the need to say no. A partner who freely expresses her or his needs is healthy. But there comes a time when the appropriate response is saying no. You won’t get any respect if you give in all of the time. Mutual respect is essential for generating trust.

8.) Don’t be afraid of hardship, adversity, or crisis. Few if any relationships are completely free of this. When a crisis has been surmounted, your relationship will become more resilient and strong.

Working on building trust can be hard to do. But having a solid relationship makes it all worthwhile.

Recently broken up? Get free breakup advice and check out the Magic of Making Up review.

Dating Relationship – The Basic Rules Effective Communication in Dating Relationships

For any dating relationship, the need for communication is extremely imperative, since good communication will lay the foundation for a lasting relationship. If you know the basics, then you can probably enjoy the company of your partner more and have a healthier positive time being with each other.

First, there are some basic rules that dictate good communication skills. You don’t have to say everything to your partner. However, it is important that you do discuss as much as you can with each other. Some people think that they are going to overburden the other person with their issues if they open up. This is a common misconception which has led to a lot of problems down the line. Don’t let your relationship be one of these and learn to say what is on your mind.
The next thing is about explaining yourself to your partner. If you have something unpleasant to share, don’t delay it and make it worse. Remember that the sooner it is out, the quicker it is all going to be over and things will return to normalcy. However, dating couples sometime are afraid to jinx their relationship by saying something wrong and hold onto their feelings until it all explodes violently one fine day. Thus, don’t be a victim of this situation and learn to come out with things as they happen and before it is too late.

Next, you have to know that all couples are bound to have disagreements. This is what defines a normal relationship. As long as the disagreement does not lead to something unwanted, it is actually a healthy sign of a relationship. When couples tend to disagree, it means the two partners are actually caring about the issue and want to express their individual opinions. Imagine being in a relationship where one partner dominates the other and agrees to everything she/he says. In addition to being a clear problem, it is also the sign of a problem and something that will eventually cause the breakup of the dating relationship.

Learn to communicate effectively, and not talk for the sake of talking. Some people, in the name of communication, just want to say things that they might eventually regret later on. Don’t let that person be you and learn to say what you mean, not what you are going to repent. A true healthy relationship can only be achieved if the couple is freely communicating with each other.

Communication can make or break a dating relationship. It’s sad but many relationships end because of lack of effective communication and/or misunderstandings. Learn from the very beginning to be a good listener and to ask questions when you don’t fully understand something. Let there be very little room for miscommunication and always over communicate to be sure you are being understood.

Communication is an art so it will take practice to get good at it. Don’t get discouraged if you feel like you keep hitting walls. Your persistence and determination will pay off, the more you do it.

Exam Guide For 7004 Exam

exam is also known as Avaya Communication Server 1000 for Avaya Aura Maintenance exam. This certification is a part of ACSS (Avaya Certified Support Specialist) certification program. This course is revolving around Networking, Dialing Plans, administration, and maintenance of Avaya Aura Products.

Career Prospects
Upon achieving this certification exam candidate earn the title of ACSS which will validate candidates knowledge and skill in Avaya Products. It is also essential part of criteria for Avaya Aura Communication Server 1000 product authorization, which is a requirement for a company to meet for Avaya product authorization.

Concept and Objectives
This course evaluates your knowledge and aptitude in Installation, Configuration, administration, maintenance, and troubleshooting support for Avaya Aura Communication Server 1000.

Ideal Audience
An aspirant must have at least four years of experience in the relevant technology. Aspirant should also have 2 years experience in support and service for Avaya Communication Server 1000 and other Avaya Aura Products.
Course Outline

Following topics are included but are not limited.
Avaya Communication Server 1000 TDMP and VOIP Networking Voice Overview
Avaya Communication Server 1000 NARS/BARS Fundamentals
Electronic Switched Networking
Automatic Least Cost Routing
Digital Manipulation
Network Translation
Supplement Digit Recognition and Restriction
Authorization Codes
Interpret BARS Database
Troubleshooting BARS
Avaya Communication Server 1000 Voice over IP Networking
NARS Access Codes
NARS uniform Dialing
Coordinate Dialing Plan
Configuration of Avaya Communication Server 1000 Call Server to support IP Peer Networking

Configuration of Virtual Trunk Gateway
Networking Routing Service Manager to Configure and Manage Network Routing Service for IP Peer Networking

Configuration of Avaya Communication Server 1000 Call server (IP Phones to Support IP Peer Networking, Zone based Dialing Deployment)
Validating Call Server, Signaling Server, and Networking
Routing Service Manager Programming
Configuration of Avaya Communication Server 1000 VOIP Emergency Services Access (EAS)

Upgrading of existing Avaya Communication Server 1000 older version to Avaya Communication Server 1000 latest release 7.5, Integration Aura system, and Avaya Aura Session Manager.
Avaya Communication Server 1000 v7.5 Features and Function
Enable UCM Services on the Avaya Communication Server 1000 System Manager

Migration of UCM primary Security Server Database to System Manager
Migration of Avaya Communication Server 1000 NARS Database to the Avaya Aura Session Manager
Perform One-touch upgrades of Avaya Communication Server 1000 older version (Linux Server) to latest release of Avaya Communication Server 1000 v7.5 (Linux Server)

Uploading of Avaya Communication Server 1000 Applications to the Deployment server
Enabling of SIP Line Gateway
Configuration of SIP Line Gateway
Deploy IP Media Services
Stipulate IP Media Services

Questions are multiple choices requiring a single-response or multiple-choices requiring multiple-answers. Answers are considered correct if all required choices are marked. Partial responses will be considered as incomplete and incorrect answer. This course is available in English language.

Ideal Audience
An aspirant must have at least four years of experience in the relevant technology. Aspirant should also have 2 years experience in support and service for Avaya Communication Server 1000 and other Avaya Aura Products.

Breaking Up Is Not Easy; How To End A Relationship

Sometimes we find ourselves involved in a relationship that we know is not going to last. We may feel that we do not have enough in common with the other person or that the feelings simply are not strong enough to create a lasting relationship. Whatever the specific details, we sometimes want to end a relationship, but we want to break up in a dignified manner that will not result in a nasty scene or hurt feelings. Breaking up is not easy for either person involved.

There are some things that can be done to make the process easier on everyone. First of all the break up should not be delayed. If you know that a break up is coming then go ahead and get it over with. A prolonged relationship will often result in the other person developing expectations of a lasting love affair. Additionally, after you have decided that the connection has lost its appeal you are less likely to treat the other person in the same manner as before. That change can be felt by the other person and result in hurt feelings.

It is more considerate to break up in person than to make a phone call, send an email or a text message. The only time those methods are suggested is if you fear a nasty scene will result. If you have only had one or two dates it is acceptable to simply quit calling and put some distance between you and the other person.

Before you actually talk with the other person to do the breaking up it is important to carefully consider why you want the break up. This knowledge will enable you to make clear statements when you are in the actual break up conversation. Be sure to use statements that are clear and that describe how you feel. In other words, use ‘I’ statements. Avoid blaming or placing judgments.

You can say that one of your needs is not being met by using a statement such as, “I simply need more than I should expect from you.” Be sure to express your appreciation for the time spent together and anything that you gained from the relationship. We learn something from everyone we meet. Let them know what you have learned from them. This helps to alleviate hurt feelings and to let the other person know that although the two of you may not be compatible for a lasting relationship, they do have a lot to offer the right person.

It is important that you are firmly committed to what you are saying. This is not a time to waver. If you feel that you are having second thoughts then you should say that you need time to think things over and talk again in a day or two.

Ending a relationship by saying that you want to remain friends can result in the other person receiving mixed messages. Carefully consider how that would impact your life before you say it.

Whether you do the breaking up or you are broken up with, this is a difficult phase to get through. You will likely have times that you are feeling lonely. Do not call your ex out of loneliness. Find another person that understands to help you through this time.

Do not be surprised at the reactions of your ex when you accidentally run into them. It could range from an enthusiastic hug to coolness, to being ignored, or even rudeness. This is usually determined by the person, their unique personality and how the break up is handled by both of you.

These tips should at least get you started on the way to an appropriate break up. The most important thing is to remember to be honest, nonjudgmental, and do not blame the other person. Your aim is not to hurt feelings.

How To Avoid Boredom In Relationships

When a relationship starts everything is new and fantastic, but much to our regret in most cases the relationship becomes routine unless we take steps to prevent it, we run the risk being involved in a vicious circle of apathy and boredom.

It seems ironic, but it is a reality that most couples break up for lack of creativity and imagination, lack of love and affinity.

We give some simple tips that can be effective to prevent boredom and routine in a relationship:

First, we must know that be bored and love are irreconcilable terms, so it is important to be aware of the problem and find solutions, for example, make weekend plans or leave a day a week the children with grandparents and so recover the joy and intimacy in couples.

As a second step, and perhaps the most basic, it is noted the importance of trust, if we get bored in our relationship we should be able to communicate.

The communication promotes a relaxation routine and restored enthusiasm.

Third, overcome boredom is not fun at all costs, but the ability to vary your routine based on the personal satisfaction of each partner.

Therefore, to overcome boredom in the couple the best advice is try to change reality, so that although we are engaged in a routine, sometimes forced and compelled, we are able to enjoy a positive living and full of activity.

Agreement (TS27.010) of multiplexing of serial communication link between data terminal equipment a

Agreement (TS27.010) of multiplexing of serial communication link between data terminal equipment and wireless communication module Development, with the technical rapid development of mobile communication in the embedded system, the movable termination with wireless communication function is developed rapidly too. These movable terminations support business such as the ordinary speech, short message, with the fast enlargement of G P R S network overlapping, it is held that increasingly many / the vehicle carried movable termination begins to support G P R S business of networking too. What the business of integration on a terminal installation, these are questions that a lot of mobile terminal device developers face. I have adopted T S 2 7 of 3 G P P in the course of developing a vehicle carried movable termination. 010 agreements, the business of integration successfully.

1 T S 2 7 . 010 agreement introductions

In commonly used G S M / G P R S communication module (such as Q 2400 of M 35, W a v e C o m of S i e m e n s) ,Can only pass ordinary 9 for one Asynchronous serial port and terminal installation T E (T e r m i n a l E q u i p m e n t) of the needle Carry on communication. T E and M S ? M o b i l e S t a t i o n Need to exchange various typological data through this serial port, for example: Maintenance, battery state, G P R S, U S S D of pronunciation, fax, data, S M S, C B S, telephone number one,etc.. How to support so much business on a serial port at the same time? For example, in data communication, how to send or receive S M S? In order to solve these problems, 3 G P P has proposed an agreement –T S 2 7 . 010 agreements ( T e r m i n a l E q u i p m e n t t o M o b i l e S t a t i o n M u l t i p l e x e r P r o t o c o l ) . There is M u l t i p l e x e r, even can send S M S in data connection. Other business can go on to make up at the same time too. For example, digital speech and S M S are sent at the same time. The existence of M u l t i p l e x e r makes an intact system divide depending upon need.

M u l t i p l e x e r design of 3 G P P is very flexible, and is independent of M S / T E platform, the existing utility program does not need changing and can work. While designing M u l t i p l e x e r, especially consider that adopts the demand for the battery-opwered apparatus, so include very important functions such as the mode control of electric-saving,etc., and M u l t i p l e x e r tries hard to use minimum power consumption and memory during operation.

M u l t i p l e x e r is based on H D L C standard design of I S O, works under the single mode with many kinds of options. But B a s i c O p t i o n does not comply with H D L C. Under basically selecting the mode, M u l t i p l e x e r does not have transparent mechanism, there is not a error correction function. But advanced to select (A d v a n c e d O p t i o n) Under the mode, use the transparent mechanism of H D L C, and M u l t i p l e x e r has a synchronization mechanism of convenience, can be in D C 1 / D C 3 (X O N / X O F F) Work on the periodic line turned on in flow control, and include the error correction function.

M u l t i p l e x e r of 3 G P P depends on a control channel. On this control channel, T E exchanges control information, for example the parameter control information, flow control information,etc. of consulting, economizing on electricity with M S. M u l t i p l e x e r is that one can select, if support this function, should use A T + C M U X command to activate it. M u l t i p l e x e r is T E and M S is at each initial /stop modal, transmit the data flow to offer a set of mechanisms on serial periodic line of the subframe function. Fig. 1 provides different protocol layers and functions to hint. The M u l t i p l e x e r layer is responsible for transmitting the way that the data flow according to the byte, do not carry on the further framing again; If the data need transmitting according to certain structure, need increasing one convergence layer finishes these functions.

M u l t i p l e x e r is photogenic for the process sum M S on T E to provide one for process of answering virtually to connect, T E and process at the M S can virtual to connect communication through this piece in this way. For example, S M S utility program on T E can be connected with M S S M S handler on through a M u l t i p l e x e r passway. T S 2 7 . 010 norms use s t a r t – s t o p mode of transmission of 8 b i t character, the communication between two M u l i t p l e x e r entities has used the specified frame format. Each signal channel between T E and M S is called a data link connection D L C (D a t a L i n k C o n n e c t i o n) ,These D L C is set up independently sequentially. Flow control mechanism that each D L C can be one’s own.

M u l t i p l e x e r has three kinds of work patterns: B a s i c, A d v a n c e d w i t h o u t e r r o r r e c o v e r y and A d v a n c e d w i t h e r r o r r e c o v e r y . These three kinds of mode characteristics are as follows:

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Communication Skills For Yoga Teachers

Here is an oxymoron for you: Some of the best Yoga teachers are great listeners. This is a general guideline for Yoga students who aspire to teach some day. Listening skills, in Yoga, start when you take your first class, as you learn by hearing, watching, and doing.

The Yoga student who learns predominantly by listening will be able to verbally communicate the finer techniques to others in the future. This is not to say that other methods of learning have less value, but a skilled Yoga teacher must be a communicator and be able to reach into each individual students mind.

Therefore, not all Yoga students can learn from you in the same way. Some will learn by listening carefully to your cues, others will gain more from an assist, and some will be able to copy just by watching. As a Yoga instructor, you still have to be a good listener when it comes to all of your students questions.

Most Yoga teachers do a good job with handling student questions. However, here is something to think about: Do you try to clarify why a question is being asked? Consider that your student may not be clear in his or her communication skills and you need to get to the heart of the matter.

The motivation behind a question is more important than the question itself. You dont want to waste your time giving unrelated information before, after, or during a Yoga class. So, get a clarification about what you are being asked, and learn why your Yoga student is truly asking you this question. This will benefit the both of you and avoid wasting your students time, as well.

If a student asks you a simple question, with a yes or no answer, you can still find out the motivational source by saying, Yes, but why do you ask? This technique is really that simple, and you may find the question is much deeper than you originally perceived.

Another mistake some Yoga teachers make is handling a question defensively. Your student thinks enough of you to ask for your opinion and is interested in your answer. If he or she had no respect for you, your opinion would not be important. Now, whether you perceive an objection or not, you should ask for a clarification before answering.

There is a positive side to all of the questions your Yoga students ask, but you must clearly see the motive behind the question in order to give the best answer. The bottom line is: Even though you are now at the front of the Yoga class, your listening skills must be better than your best listeners in your class.

Copyright 2005 Paul Jerard / Aura Publications

How To Save A Relationship That’s Falling Apart It’s Not Easy But It’s Not Impossible Either

Anyone who has been through a break up or used to be on the verge of breaking up knows that saving a relationship is not easy. This is worsened by the fact that we were never though how to deal with a relationship break up in school. In fact, this subject is even considered a taboo when we were in school .

Fortunately, saving a relationship that’s falling apart is not impossible either. We have all heard of lovers getting back together with each other in the most unbelivable situation.

Here are a few tips that you may find useful in saving your relationship.

If you have not broken up yet but feel that the inevitable is going to happen soon, then you will want to find a way to stop it. The first thing to do is to sit down and try to figure out what went wrong.

Do not just look at the surface. Sometimes, there are certain deeper issues that you need to deal with. For example, if you are a man whose girlfriend is always arguing with you over the small stuff, you must understand this.

Most likely, your girlfriend is not really upset about the small stuff. Instead, she may be upset that you have been neglecting her in favor of your work. Perhaps you have been spending too much time at work? Maybe it is time to cut down your working time if possible?

If both of you are married couples, then it is probably time to talk to each other and express your concern. Communication is essential for a great relationship. This is especially important if a lot of things is at stake. For example, if both of you already have children, then a separation or divorce shouldn’t be the solution. It should only be the very last resort.

You are encouraged to do whatever you can to save your marriage even if you are the only one trying. Of course, if you have an abusive spouse that will threaten the safety of both you and your children, then a divorce may be something you have to consider.

Alternatively, ff you are trying to save your marriage, marriage counseling may be the solution to save your relationship.

How To Make A Relationship Work And Start Over Again

There is no trick really of having a perfect relationship. There is no guidebook you can get in a bookstore or an equation you can adhere to that can guide you how to make a relationship work. Some married couples keep on together for the rest of their lives. Whilst some do not. For those who end up living together until they turn 60, there might be one factor, one single denominator why these long lasting couples have stayed together for a very long time, they could have quarreled, yes, it’s all an important aspect of life, or may have thought about divorcing from time to time-but at the end of the day, what made them reconciliate and live in peaceful terms over again?

Every day, as we continue on to our daily lives, there could be hundreds of couples and bitter lovers from the other side of the globe who have been arguing, screaming at each other, throwing accusations at each other and at the end of the brawl, there can only be two end result: to reconciliate or to go to their separate ways.

You could even have similar troubles also. And you continue asking yourself, if this kind of life goes on always, then would it be okay to continue living in different ways? But hang on. Think first. Remember the day you had first met your spouse or your bf or your gf? Remember the moment you thought she may have been the most gorgeous woman you have ever seen and decided to chase her at the second you saw the luck. Remember that time and think of how you have been the happiest person in the earth when she whispered she feel the same way about you as well, or maybe stronger, and you may still have the chance to save your relationship.

You two can reconcile. The strength of the relationship is through these trying times. When you still find the willingness to make things work amidst all the differences and issues you two have been both experiencing, it is how to make a relationship work. If you think there is not better way than to separate, then break up. Tell her you will move out, you will get your belongings and you will storm out of the house after you finish gathering your things.

But hold on. Yes, hang on. Do not make a life-changing decision out of haste. Every lovers faces rocky times each day. But not all couple can make it through the coping phase. And only some couples can successfully go back together again. You could remark you have by now given up on him. That you are tired with all his lies, or his inconsideration to tidy up the chaos he and his friends every time scatters on your living room every Friday night, or you just can’t simply put up with his habits any longer because s lifetime with him after four years have become too droning and flat.

Do you genuinely want to know how to make a relationship work? Do not make abrupt decisions. Do not allow bitterness take over your wits. Hold your fire. Take a pause. The moment you have composed yourself, look at her eyes, and tell yourself, there can only be one woman who can look at you like that.

How To Maintain A Great Relationship With Your Ex Spouse To Get Them Back For Great Relationship

Almost everyone in their life has had to go through a breakup. A breakup is a strange thing. Most things in life, the more you do them, the easier it becomes to do. With breakups no matter how many you’ve had to go through in the past, they certainly don’t become easier to go through.

After a breakup, unless the relationship was completely terrible, most people desire to get their ex back. In fact, sometimes, even if the relationship was unhealthy, they still desire to get their ex back. You really shouldn’t try to get back with your ex if they ever used physical violence or words to hurt you. That is not a healthy relationship. If you were in a relationship like that and your ex broke up with you, then consider yourself lucky.

Otherwise, most relationships follow a pretty predictable pattern. When you first meet someone everything is wonderful and new. They can do no wrong and you can do no wrong in their eyes. After a short while comfort sets in. You adjust to each other. When the newness is gone and the comfort is there things in the relationship change. The little quirks you were willing to overlook before actually bother you now.

There is an expression: “Familiarity breeds contempt.” Truer words couldn’t be spoken for relationships. After a couple get comfortable and familiar with each other, trouble usually starts. This is exactly what tests the strength of the relationship. It takes work and effort to maintain a relationship. Sometimes, when things break, instead of getting repaired, the other person wants out of the relationship completely

Do you believe, despite it being over, your relationship is worth salvaging, even if the other person made it clear, it’s over? You need some answers on how get your ex back. Here are four steps you can take.

1.Say sorry

Saying you are sorry is one of the best how get your ex back methods. Even if it doesn’t get your ex back, it’s usually the best first step. Be sure that you say sorry for the right reasons. After a breakup it can be easy to blame yourself for everything. Remember, it takes two people to have a successful relationship. Knowing what exactly to apologize for is critical.

Whatever you do, when you apologize don’t let your ex bait you into an argument. The biggest irony of saying sorry to an ex is that it can easily lead to another fight. If you say you’re sorry, and your ex brings something else up, don’t get defensive. Stay calm, keep your emotions, your ego, and your pride in check.

2.Sit down and talk things out

If your ex is up to it, set a time where both of you can sit down and talk. Whatever you don’t beg, plead, cry, or force your ex into this.

All types of Communication Styles

Communication can be classified into a number of types such as oral, written, intentional, non-verbal and symbolic. The article highlights various communication styles by keeping the human context at the axis.

In all the communication forms, the people involved in the process form the most important element. Depending on the amount of people interested in the process, communication can be termed as intrapersonal, interpersonal, transpersonal, group or mass communication.

Communication with Self

Intrapersonal communication : is concerned with communicating with your own self. Day dreaming, thinking, imagining and problem solving fall under its purview. It is estimated that around 90,000 thoughts cross the human mind everyday making this communication form as the most common as compared to other types of communication.

Various feedback mechanisms of a human body such as hunger, pleasure and pain are also included in intrapersonal communication’s realm. It also covers the spiritual conversations such as individual reflection, transcendental meditation and contemplation.

Transpersonal communication : involves conversing with spirits, divine and ancestors making it an important incident of the monastic and religious life in prayer halls, ashrams and among tribal and aboriginal communities.

A single person is the source as well as the destination of intrapersonal communication, with brain waves being the channel for the same. It is a reflection of a person’s habits, role, self-concept, attitude, beliefs and values.

Communication with Other People

This covers the interaction between different people with the help of direct face-to-face methods for conversing with each other.

It is the most influential and persuasive communication method as compared to all other types of communication as it involves extensive usage of gestures and words which go a long way in conveying warmth and closeness between people.

The feedback mechanism used in this communication form is predominantly instantaneous.

Communication in a Group

This is an extended form of interpersonal communication sharing all its qualities in a lesser measure. The likelihood of exchanging information with the other members of the group in an intimate and personal way is inversely proportional to the group size. With the increase in the group size, the communication becomes like a monologue on account of the difficulty for each member to participate in the conversation. The magnitude of intimacy and directness depends upon group size, meeting place, relationship of group members with each other and group leader. The essential conditions for group communication are as follows:

Peer pressure


Orientation towards a common objective

Norms and Roles

Equal participation from each member

Communication on a Mass Basis

When help is required by a message in reaching its destination after being dispatched by the source, mass communication occurs. The various media for connecting the senders and receivers with each other are print (magazines or newspapers), electronic (computer modems) or electrical (TV, radio or video). Mass communication has a deep impact on our beliefs, attitudes and perspectives. It is an important source of companionship, information and entertainment and acts as a platform for sharing viewpoints about events, issues as well as cultural life. It provides visibility and hearing to a certain set of people which comes at the cost of muting the voices of the other few.

Communication is an extremely important part of our social lives with the person’s self being the centre of all types of communication. People think, listen, respond and speak according to their own self-perspective.

Failure to communicate? Learn how conversations go wrong and tips to impress your boyfriend with good communication skills. And most importantly, get to know what are the various communication strategies adopted by men in love.

Cultural Differences in Communication

Lynn Visson makes the following statements in her book, ‘Wedded Strangers’:

“The body language of Russians and Americans are different. Russians stand closer than Americans. They look directly and unwaveringly into your eyes.”

“Russians are long winded. Americans are short and to the point. Russians think that giving a short answer is impolite, as if they had not given the matter enough consideration. Americans think a long answer is impolite, as if they are boring the other person and wasting their time.”

At our wedding, my wife wanted me to give a long-winded toast to her parents. I was to tell them of the story of how we met. I was to thank her parents and her ancestors for bringing life to her. I was to make a toast to all of her relatives and friends.

We were married in America. Her parents, friends, and relatives were not in attendance. I explained to my wife that in America, the custom was that other people made toasts to the wedding couple. They did not toast each other.

Lady enjoying her communication on mobile
Download Lady enjoying her communication on mobile from (c)

We had some Russian friends in attendance who made toasts in Russian to us. My best man tried to make a toast in Russian that no one understood. The Americans didn’t understand the Russian. And his Russian pronunciation was so bad that the Russians didn’t understand him either.

However, none of that satisfied my wife who would accept no substitute to a long-winded toast to her from me.

John has been successfully married to a Belarussian wife for over five years. He has traveled extensively through Russia and other CIS countries. He will tell you why you should consider Russian women, how to meet them, how to bring your special woman home, and how to survive married life.

Advantages Of Satellite Communication

Satellite communication is very important and advantageous in todays world, wherein this service is highly used during the times of natural disasters, people staying in remote areas and also for the military and defense purposes. Any other mode of communication failure can be rectified by using the satellite communication services which can be used anywhere, anytime and without any hindrances. Also, the long distance calls, usage of internet, etc are the other some of the advantages of satellite communication services.

There are many advantages of satellite communication available for different purposes, which can be seen as below:
The satellite communication is very helpful for the people staying in remote areas, as this service covers the long distance transmissions being very powerful in sending and receiving the signals. With this, the people in the remote areas can stay in touch with the people staying in the other parts of the world.
The satellite communication services are very helpful for the department of defense, where the people on the fields cannot use the wired services every time. Also, for such people, it is very important to keep their missions and secrets undisclosed due to the national security reasons. Satellite communication service fulfils this purpose as none of the calls or any other communication made through the satellite communication can be tracked by the common services. Hence, the satellite communication is a must for the defense and maintaining the security of the nation.
The satellite communication services are very much helpful during the time of natural disasters as the wired services have large chances of failing, but the satellite communication being absolutely wireless and working through the signals from the satellites above, this service can never fail. Many innocent lives can be saved knowing the status of the areas in which there is more destruction.
The satellite communication provides with the status of the weather as well. With this, if any changes in the weather or even the occurring natural disaster can be predicted, with which many people and property can be saved.
Satellite communication services include the services like voice calling, video calling, radio, television channels, internet, fax, etc. These services are very important for not just the domestic usage, but also have become very important part of the commercial activities in different companies. People can make long distance calls either at very nominal rate, or even for free in some services.
The satellite communication services are very beneficial and also much cost friendly as well. People can use the satellite communication services at very reasonable cost and for any purpose they desire.
Satellite communication services being so portable are very easy to install and user-friendly as well. With this, people can save lot of time and also, anybody can use these services anywhere they want and anytime they want.
With the satellite communication services, different technologies has emerged as well like the lcd television sets, LED television sets, etc. Thus, satellite communication services have also led to the development in the technology sector.

Thus, satellite communication services are very highly advantageous for all the sectors of the development and have been a very important part of the development of the nations widely.

Awesome Tips – The Best Relationship Advice Yet is a prestigious life partner search firm assisting world travelled individuals find love over 40. Find your perfect match and true love, your rightful partner for the long lasting relationship you’ve always wanted.

Relationship Advice”>It would be terrible to give you relationship advice that makes you believe that there is such a thing as a relationship where everything always goes perfectly. Let’s face it, when we’re starting out with a new person they seem to do everything right.

Nothing they do seems to ruffle our feathers and we wonder how we ever got so lucky finding someone so ‘perfect.’ Soon after chemistry starts to fade or wear off and regular day to day life starts to creep in we are suddenly aware of their every fault. What happened to this once perfect relationship?

Relationship Advice #1: Expect ups and downs Our first relationship advice is that the first thing you need to remember is that ups and downs in any relationship are not only completely natural they are to be expected. This has nothing to do with focusing and honing in on expecting the relationship to fail, it has everything to do with being prepared to face reality.

Relationship Advice #2: It’s not always about you Don’t expect all relationship challenges to be related to you or something you do. Remember that the best relationship advice sometimes can’t help you when you experience life’s natural ups and downs. It’s completely natural not to be on the same page from time to time. Sometimes one partner may be struggling with an issue that stresses them, such as the death of a close family member or the loss of a pet. Other events, like job loss or severe health problems, can affect both partners and make it difficult to relate to each other. You might have different ideas of managing finances or raising children. Different people cope with stress differently, and misunderstanding can rapidly turn to frustration and anger.

Relationship Advice #3: Don’t take out your problems on your partner. Various stresses life puts on us can make any of us short tempered from time to time. Instead of snapping or exploding at your partner, see if you can find another outlet to let go of your pent up stress or anger. Perhaps a coach, therapist, or a good friend. Even a good cry can work wonders. Anything is better than releasing your anger by means of a fight, which only serves to slowly poison your relationship over time.

Relationship Advice #4: Remember that your partner is on your team. Sometimes we just want to vent and spew our anger and frustration at the people closest to us – at the expense of trust and intimacy. Don’t fall victim to lashing out at your partner. Instead, remember that your partner is part of the unit, on your team, and he or she is not the enemy. If you can continue working on challenges together as the partners you are, your relationship may actually grow even closer together over time.

Relationship Advice #5: Remain open to change. Change is the only constant in all of our lives. The sooner we can accept this the sooner our lives will become a whole lot smoother. This means that your relationship is always changing too. Flexibility is essential to adapt to the change that is always taking place in any relationship, and it allows you to grow together through both the good times and the bad.

Relationship Advice #6: Don’t ignore problems. It’s easy to avoid challenges, especially the little ones. However, if you want to grow as a couple then it’s important to face problems together as a team as soon as they come up. Sometimes things worked in the past but they no longer work for one or both partners. Instead of ignoring these things, address them and be authentic about what works and doesn’t work anymore.

Relationship Advice #7: Romantic relationships require ongoing nourishment. Couples often do more nurturing of each other and the relationship at the beginning of their romance. It’s important to remember that the team always needs nourishment from both partners on an ongoing basis. Just like we cannot give water to a plant one time and then hope that it will make it through the year, relationships need to be tended to as well. Let your romance continue to flourish, especially once monotony and the reduced impact of chemistry starts to set in.

About the Author is a prestigious life partner search firm assisting world travelled individuals find love over 40. Find your perfect match and true love, your rightful partner for the long lasting relationship you’ve always wanted.

Relationship Advice


Does love fade? Does it diminish as the days pass by? Why is it that the passion, excitement, and fun at the beginning of the date don’t grow fonder in most relationship? Do you find yourself in a situation where you are longing for the good old days when you and your partner perfectly matched?

Think about it:

Back then, when you first met; you go out almost each day; you looked forward to seeing each other daily; in his/her arm you feel complete. Is that feeling still there?

Love is not about being with the right person, but about being in the right relationship. It is not about the level of love you have for each other in the beginning, but about how to build or improve on the love you both share. Do you know that you can make your relationship fun, excited, and fresh all the time? Here are some tips on how to keep your relationship fresh.


What is it that you appreciate about your partner? What is it exactly about him or her that makes you go crazy? All you have to do is to let them know from time to time. This makes them feel happy, special, valued as well as cause them want to do more.


There is no challenge free relationship; every relationship has its good and sour side. The side you concentrate most on will either uplift your relationship or destroy the love you both share. So, focus your mind on the side that will improve your relationship. Note that you are what you think.


Spending time with each other helps to grow your relationship; it creates room for communication, mutual understanding and closeness. Make spending time with each other a priority.


Most people give up working on themselves once they enter a relationship. Some barely weighing 120 pounds before going into a relationship suddenly weigh over 220 pounds few months or years into the relationship; yet expecting their partner to see them the same way he/she did at the beginning. Unconditional love comes to be, only when partners make effort to improve or nurture themselves for the betterment of their relationship. Your relationship will remain young as long as you remain young emotionally, mentally, physically and spiritually.


Relationship becomes boring, when partners can predict each other; when there is no new exercise but recurring ones. New experience creates closeness and enhances the feeling of togetherness between partners.


Dating, helps to keep a relationship new, exciting, and fresh. Going on dates, despite the years you’ve been together is important. Take dating important in your relationship!


This helps to strengthen the love both partner share. At this point couple see themselves beyond husband and wife, but as partners, friends and companion. It brings couple closer and committed to each other.

Ogidiolu Michael is a motivational speaker and a prolific writer. His teachings and counseling on relationships are loaded with powerful, proven ideas and strategies that anyone can apply to get better result in their relationship. Current projects include -A LETTER TO MY SISTER BEFORE YOU SAY YES- and -MAKE YOUR RELATIONSHIP WORK.-

If you want to learn more about how you can make your relationship work, visit this link; evergreen love now to grab a free eBook titled: “MAKE YOUR RELATIONSHIP WORK” Only twenty copies available.

English Language Universal Medium of Communication

What does it mean to be able to communicate with someone?

Simplifying it, useful communication requires shared knowledge. While this includes knowledge of language, words and syntactic structures, meaningful communication is even more focused on knowledge about a problem to be solved. d.

The widespread use of the Word Wide Web (WWW) and the growing Internet facilities has sparked enormous interest in improving the way people communicate using computers. To date, communication among software agents and humans has been done under limited conditions: communication is reduced to basic information exchange, ignoring the richness and flexibility implied by human language.

However to deal with any language would be very difficult. To solve this problem, a common language is used and that is english language which is communicating people across the world and bringing people closer to each other.
No.1 Testing Platform for English Language

Working on My Next House Project

I just got started on this place. For the moment I am pretty much sleeping on the floor, but of course there is an air mattress on the floor. My buddy Jack and another friend of his helped me out with the money and the three of us are going to try to make a profit off this place when it gets done. You do not have much here yet. I got the internet hooked up from Time Warner Cable, but I got the cheapest plan that they have where they throttle your internet back. I need to have some internet, but in fact I do not need a huge amount of it like other people.

How to Build a Better Relationship with Yourself

What lies behind you and what lies in front of you, pales in comparison to what lies inside of you.- Ralph Waldo Emerson

It’s funny how we’ve spent our whole life with ourselves, but sometimes the person in the mirror can be the hardest one to get to know. And it goes without saying that it’s difficult to truly appreciate something or someone you don’t understand. When building confidence and self-esteem, the single most important thing you can do is to rebuild the internal relationship that you have with yourself. Numbers speak volume and it’s difficult for negativity to go up against the positive power of Me, Myself and I.

Before diving into how to get to know yourself better and reconstructing self-trust, it’s important to begin by making a commitment to stand by the single person who has a hand in all of your decisions, you. Here is an Affirmation of Inner Beauty taken from The Seeds of Beauty, to remind you of the relationship you must continually build with yourself no matter what your stage in life.

[Speak Your Name],

To you, I will never be a fair weather friend.

When you are afraid, I will give you the courage to step forward,

If ever you make a mistake, I will never lose faith in you.

And when you begin to doubt how beautiful you are, I will remind you.

Today and every day I promise to always stand by you.

You are me. I am you.

I Love You.

Print this affirmation and post it in a visible place within your office or home.

It comes as no surprise that building a positive self-esteem starts with getting to know yourself again and this will require that you regularly devote some down-time to spend with yourself. What’s your favorite movie, place to visit or song to listen to? Set aside time in your schedule to do these things. Fall in love with who you are by supporting yourself and bringing out the best in you through your interests.

What can action steps can I take to build a better relationship with myself?

When we’re on a date and getting to know someone, the first thing we do is ask questions. So why not do the same for yourself? Start by asking yourself the following:

What values are important to me?

What are my dreams for the future?

What makes me afraid?

What do I dislike?

How do I envision myself to be?

The thing that would mean the most to me right now is-

The key is to be honest in your answers. Pay attention to your likes/dislikes. What things are hardest for you to admit to yourself? After letting myself down so many times in the past, I struggle with trusting myself.

What can I do to reconnect?

Reconnecting to who you are and building a better relationship with yourself begins with forgiveness. We all make mistakes and if you hold your mistakes over your head like a guillotine ready to punish you the each time you make a mistake, you do yourself more harm than good. Take a blank sheet of paper and fill in the following sentence:

I forgive myself for-.

List out every misstep that has made you angry, every mistake that has made you ashamed, and every mistake that has made you feel less than yourself. With the same kindness that you would show a friend, read each sentence aloud. As you read each sentence, allow yourself to gently let it go and ultimately heal.

Author Bio: A fashion stylist and former women’s fit technologist, author Lakeysha-Marie Green utilizes her experience in the fashion industry combined with her personal journey to self-discovery to help women transform their appearance from the inside out. Her first book, The Seeds of Beauty, tells an inspiring story of restoring unconditional self-love and genuinely radiating your beauty from within. Begin your own beautiful makeover and download your Free Inner Beauty Affirmation at

Interpersonal Communication skills Training Perfect for personality development!

Communication is an integral part of our life. Could you think of a lifestyle where communication was just not possible. With the passage of time, different forms of communications have been adopted, among which interpersonal communication is widely accepted. It should be, no doubt, because interpersonal communication is all about communication occurring among individuals. Interpersonal communication skills have today become extremely important, as communication is the basic ingredient of any any job profile. For those who feel that they lack in interpersonal communication skills, must go for interpersonal communication skills training courses, as these courses enhance the communication skills. Apart from learning the art of communication, one even gains confidence to move with the society.

Some people have inborn communication skills while others need training to get a hang of communication skills. Interpersonal communication skills training teaches the communication levels and ways to communicate a message. Similar form of communication cannot be implemented everywhere and everyone, different types of communication skills have to be used at different points of time. Spark leadership incorporated is one such organization that offers the best and most professional interpersonal communication skills training. Apart from enhancing the communications skills, one should also look into the behavioral attitude to be a blend of perfection.

Interpersonal communication skills are all about communicating with different kinds of people and the way of communication. One cannot communicate with everyone in a single way and through one form of communication. Verbal, non-verbal, interpersonal and intrapersonal communication skills training make a person an excellent communicator.

So, all those who lack communication skills should go for interpersonal communication skills training and enjoy the art of communication. These days interpersonal communication skills training is available at very economical price that can change the personality of a person all together. Don’t give it a second thought rather join a good communication training organization.

Books For A Healthy Relationship

Siri Mitchell writes She Walks in Beauty, a historical fiction set in the old New York, a time of opulence and romance and in this time a young and complex woman strives to find her husband in a time when women must have a partner in marriage. Caught in complex situations and love triangles, it is the story of how one woman manages to find a healthy relationship in a world where society is essential, filled with aspects of history, like dance cards and oysters.

Gary Chapman writes the 5 Love Languages, a book that is essential for all people who have healthy relationships, because all of the emotions and aspects of a relationship are determined in this book. The author unveils the various things that people might or might not say, by outlining the various ways of communication, such as the act of physical touch, acts of service, receiving gifts, quality time, and affirmation. These various things can help because if you learn these languages then you will be able to better understand the needs of your partner.

Adele Faber writes How to Talk So Kids Will Listen and Listen so Kids Will Talk, helps you figure out how to talk to your kids and establish a good framework so that you can open the lines of communication in a way that kids will know they can come to you and turn to you for all their day to day difficulties. This book uses a practical method to help you figure out just how to help your kid and reach them so that there isn’t any difficulty when you all talk and share your lives together.

Dale Carnegie writes How to Win Friends and Influence People, this book is all about your relationships with the world and with how you engage with other people in the world. It helps you work on your personality and your interactions with other people so that you know just how to establish good tips to have a great relationship with people you love and care about. Also, this book teaches you how to work with people whether in your daily life or with people at work. Filled with leadership and people skills, this book guides you into forming great relationships in a way that will be a positive influence upon your life.

Mara Altman writes Sparkle, a book that talks about how the diamond ring has always been so special but this author chooses a muddy brown diamond ring and she studies whether or not people will judge the quality of her relationship if she doesn’t have the traditional wedding ring that people expect. Her book explores the themes of wedding rings and how her break from tradition might help. This book breaks the conventions of relationships and by doing so unearths the kind of reality and actual concepts of what makes a relationship works. So that way, this book helps people determine the various things that make relationships important and long lasting. If you are seeking to learn about the fibers of good relationships, then this is a great guide.

You can have access to books about relationship from page Books

Roberto Sedycias works as an IT consultant for Polo

Cherish Your Relationship

Relationships can make your life heaven, if carried with care and vice versa, if taken for granted. The factors that generally affect a relation are misunderstandings, suspicion, lack of communication and faith. If your partner understands you well and have faith on you, then you will find them as an angel that means world to you. Whereas, if they do not understand you and always mend their suspicious thoughts on you, then you would find them as a devil that screws you up everyday. The nature of your relation decides the flexibility and growth of your love life.

Understanding, trust and care are the three pillars of a relationship. If even one pillar is not strong enough, then your relationship will fall for sure. To wash away the weaknesses of a relationship, the most wise and sensible decision is to consult a relationship counselors. These are the experienced and specialized people who have gone through the deep study of human psychology and relationship wellness. One can completely rely on such professional counselors, which will groom up a relationship with better prospects.

There is a saying that, relationships are like mirrors, once broken, then it is better to leave it, rather than to hurt yourself trying to fix it. This is very true as fixing a broken relation is like playing with your own emotions. So, if you have just gone through a breakup, then do not even think to make it all over again. No doubt, that it is very tough to overcome from every memory, but to make it easily possible you can consult such wise Couples Counseling counselors. They not only construct a perfect relationship, but also help in dragging out people from their past and setting them to the position of moving further in life. As we all know, that a phase of breakup is extremely terrific and uncontrollable, so to get through such phase, easily and smoothly, one must consult a relationship counselor. Apart from all this, these counselors also help in healing hurt feelings and color your black and white life with happiness. They also provide several therapies that would surely effect your mind, in molding you positively. To live a happy relationship is within our reach and these counselors will prove it to you by making you learn relationship ethics.

So, if you are facing any sort of problem with your loved one, do not ignore it as it can end up being completely messed. Do, take a mature and sensible step by approaching a couple counselor and tailor a beautiful relationship. These counselors are also available online and are simply a call away. So, go on and make your relationship, the way you wished it to be.“

Ambiguous Nonverbal Communication

Understanding nonverbal communication begins in the earliest stages of childhood. Early in life, a child learns to identify, such feelings as; happiness, sadness, rage, excitement and other moods in adults and other children alike, as well as in pets. Responses like, doors slamming, loud voices, smiles, frowns, crying; are all some of the nonverbal communication that as a child, one grows up with and learns from. With high-strung emotions caused by puberty, teenagers become masters of nonverbal communications. And finally as adults we tend to find hidden meanings in most nonverbal communications as well as in verbal communication creating an arguing society. Example: Betty says, “That’s not what I said!!!” Bob says, “Well that’s what you meant!”
Ambiguous nonverbal communication has become the main subject matter for many situation comedy’s or “sit-com’s”. As I recall, I Love Lucy, Three’s Company, and the more recent sitcoms, Married with Children, and Seinfield are all sitcoms based on ambiguous nonverbal and verbal communication. (The actors would get different meanings than the audience would, so the audience would get two different sides throughout the entire episode.)

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Ambiguous nonverbal communication can be anything from body positioning (kinesics or body orientation) to gestures (movements of the hands and arms), or eye contact, or smiles taken by different people differently. You see nonverbal communications all the time in daily life by people you do and don’t know. For instance, one can be questioned for standing or sitting too close to someone else. Also, sitting at a stop sign, you may see someone twirling his or her hair. It may mean nervousness, thought, habit, or perhaps they just have something in their hair. I, personally, have been accused of flirting with a waitress just by simply smiling at her. This wouldn’t be the first time that a smile or gesture has been misinterpreted; or the last time. I am as guilty of this as anyone, it’s hard to believe, but people say I am that way

In doing research, I have noted that the less you know someone the harder it is to accurately read his or her “gestures” if you will, but on the other hand, sometimes knowing a person, and being familiar with his or her behavior, better equips you to understand most of their verbal and nonverbal interactions. Also let me add, you must strongly study people that are skilled to deceive such as politicians, salesmen and actors or actresses.

In the recent weeks I have been paying closer attention and have noticed many things that I wouldn’t have noticed a couple of weeks ago, pertaining to chapter six. The dictionary definition of ambiguous is: (adj. open to various interpretations; having a double meaning.) By reading between the lines I can safely say that all nonverbal communications can be ambiguous. Interpretation by male or female, old or young, good mood or bad mood, could all possibly warrant uncertain responses and faulty analysis.

In conclusion, gestures (illustrators, emblems, adaptors,) and other types of nonverbal communications are a basic part of our complicated society. Animals, on one hand, can communicate what they want or the mood they’re in just by something they do, because this nonverbal communication is less complex, on the other hand, in our society, intelligence, along with gestures, body orientation, posture, and verbal communication, inhibits our understanding of communications.

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How A Rebound Relationship Can Bring Back Your Ex

Were you dumped and depressed about it? Did it take you some time to get over the hurt? Did you finally realize it was time to move past it and find a way to get your ex back? Did you discover that your ex isnt single anymore? Well, now how do you win him or her back if they are dating someone else? Actually, that rebound relationship is the way to get your ex back. How?

Look at it from this point of view: your ex decides to break it off with you. You were in a relationship with him or her for some time. This rebound relationship is a way to distract them from the pain they are feeling. It isnt likely that marriage is creeping into the picture any time soon for them. Nearly all rebound relationships dont last for very long. Its actually their way of getting past the hurt they feel too.

Actually, perhaps its best to have your own rebound relationship. Its best to have one so you can deal with the pain of losing your significant other. On top of that rebound relationships will help you realize that you are still wanted by the opposite sex and do help in getting over the heartbreak. However, you dont have to stay with this person very long, if you choose not to. Remember, these relationships wont rid the memories you have but help ease them from replaying in your mind day in and day out. Rebound relationships dont always mean your ex is over you. It can mean they are trying to get move past those hurt and lonely feelings they have for you.

Rebound relationships tend to make people think about what they really want out of life and most of the time, it can lead to couples being back together again. They realize that the differences and arguments they have werent so bad. It usually means theyd rather be together than without each other. If your ex seems to have moved on without you, dont panic. Theres still a chance for you to get them back.

From Casual Dating to Serious Relationship

Going on countless dates with common grown ups men that never go beyond the first or second date, you’ve met a good man who seems to be a good match for you. You’ve gone on many great dates with this man and you feel that things have gone well. You keep coursing on dates with this man and incidentally you start to wonder, when will this adult dating connection become an intimate one? The answer for this will vary. The bond may become intimate after a few weeks, a couple of months or perhaps it may never occur. Anything is attainable in dating.

One big fluster that some people cause is to affirm the bond is intimate before that topic has even been chatted. affirming you are in an exclusive relationship when it has never been argued will only lead to disheartenment. Just because you’ve gone on 10 dates with the same man doesn’t mean its an exclusive association. Whenever you realize that you want to take things to the next level with the man you are dating, you can do one of two things.

You can either stay for him to bring up exclusivity or you can you can ask him about it yourself whenever you feel the time is right. Just make sure you don’t do it too soon or you may scare him away. If you are the one that brings up exclusivity, things may turn out just as you desired them to and he will accept your proposal of being exclusive. On the other hand, things may not turn out how you expected them to and there is a possibility of him rejecting you. He may either tell you that he no longer wants to see you or that he does want to continue regarding you but only on a casual basis. If he wants to keep seeing you but only casually and you wanted things to be intimate, it is now up to you to decide if you want to continue seeing him on a random basis as he prefers or if it’s better for you to stop seeing him definitely.

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Closing The Gap On A Long Distance Relationship

Nowadays with work and online dating many people have turned to long distance relationships. It is hard enough having a long distance relationship, but when the long distance part ends and you move back to living near or with each other it can suddenly seem a whole lot harder. There is a certain adjustment phase which can make or break any relationship.

Your long distance relationship ends and suddenly you find yourself insecure about your relationship. It is easy to separate your feelings for the person when they are emailing you to tell you they love and miss you, but when you have to face the person daily you also have to face the day-to-day dating issues that come up. Rapidly you find yourself discussing where to eat, what to do, what bills to pay, and so on, when before the hardest decision was what time to call.

At first you will go through a honeymoon phase that every long distance relationship goes through when you finally get together. Everything will seem so wonderful now that you are able to see each other whenever you want. It ends quickly however, and you may find that you enjoy the solitude that you once had while online dating. You may also realize that you don’t want to see the person everyday or even a couple of times during the week. Some people fall in love with long distance dating because you still maintain your independence without the compromise that must happen when you find yourself dating someone.

You need to first accept the fact that you can’t live in fantasy land anymore. Before the two of you come together, discuss what needs to be done to ensure that you can live near each other and still keep the spark that you feel when away from each other. You need to take this time to discuss your general habits, your financial situation, your living situation, what you expect out of the relationship, and how slowly you will move after a long distance relationship. In some ways it is like starting all over again with someone new. You need to learn their lifestyle and how they go about their day. Things like what time they wake up in the morning can suddenly seem crucial. If you take the time to talk about every little detail that didn’t seem important before you can make your long distance relationship into a long and happy short distance relationship.

Interpersonal Communication

Interpersonal communication means the communication that takes place between two people who may or may not have known each other over the course of time. In our day to day lives communication forms the most essential part through which we can connect to the world around. Interpersonal communication takes place all the time, throughout the day. We cannot stay without communicating. Even when we do not say anything, the silence speaks for itself. Our behavior, gestures, facial expressions etc. constantly communicate. So even when you are not talking you are communicating. This shows that communication is inescapable.
Interpersonal communication is irreversible. Once the word is out of your mouth, it cannot be swallowed back. So one should make sure that whatever one blurts out from the mouth it should be done with deliberation. Also what makes interpersonal communication more complicated is that it is always in contextual. For example a communication that takes place in a church would be very different from that taking place in a carnival. Also the behavior and the gestures of the person would change accordingly.
Not only the content but also the culture to which a person belongs defines the course of the communication. A person from Spain would interpersonal communication in a manner that is different from that of a person from Portugal. Also the psychology of the person plays an important role in defining the content of the conversation. A person who is high in spirits would communicate in a tone and manner that is different from those who are going through a bad phase in their life. This leads to a mismatch of intent when two people are talking who have varied aspirations.
Words can also have more than one meaning. A sentence said by someone may imply something else for somebody else. To make things clear one needs to make sure that the interpersonal skills to communicate thoughts are used judiciously so that no scope of misunderstanding is left. What we say should always match with what we intend to say.
Another aspect of interpersonal communication is with whom is the communication being done with. When talking to your closest confidant, the manner of conversing is different to that used when you are conversing with your boss or any other person in a party. The mannerism of a person shows stark difference when dealing with different people and this does not take much time to switch.
The other aspect of interpersonal communication is how well we are able to express our emotions. The emotions can be expressed with the help of gestures, expressions, and voice modulation etc. which all form part of the body language of a person. So all in all interpersonal communication is not just what we speak but how we speak and to whom are we talking to.